Hermine Santruschitz aka Miep Gies

Miep

The name Hermine Santruschitz will mean very little to most, however the name Miep Gies is a well known name, a name which would forever be linked to a teenage diarist called Anne Frank.

Miep Gies born  Hermine Santruschitz would have celebrated her 110th birthday today, she did not get that old but she still reached the age of 100.

She was born in Vienna on February 15,1909.Her parents Mathias and Genofeva (née Jakuschitz) Santruschitz sent her to Leiden in the Netherlands in 1920. Austria was stil suffering the consequences of World War 1, there were a lot of shortages including food.

The Netherlands had remained neutral during WWI and was reasonably affluent. Hermine was sent to The Nieuwenburg family, consisting of 2 parents and 5 children. The The Nieuwenburg family initially agreed to take Hermine in foster care for 6 months, but due to bad health this was extended to one year. In that time Hermine got very attached to the family and the decision was made for Hermine to remain with the family. They called her by the shortened version of her name Miep.

In 1922 Miep moved with her foster family to Amsterdam.Miep was a bright student and after  graduating high school she got a job as an accountant.

In 1933, Otto Frank had been appointed Managing Director of Opekta, a German company which had expanded into the Netherlands.

Jam

In need of a secretary the Dutch branch, headed by Otto Frank hired Miep in 1933.

In 1933 Miep gad also met Jan Gies but due the fact that Jan had to go into the Dutch Social Services, the couple didn’t meet socially again until 1936.

Jan and Miep became close friends yo the Frank family. Shortly after the Nazis occupied the Netherlands, Miep was urged to  to join a Nazi women’s group. But she refused to do so, because of this threatened with deportation back to Vienna. Jan and Miep decided to get married, this would secure Miep’s residence in the Netherlands. They got married  in Amsterdam on 16 July 1941, The Frank family was in attendance at the wedding.

Frank

Less than a year later the lives of both the Frank and the Gies family would change forever. All of them faced death , the Frank’s simply because they were Jewish, Miep en Jan Gies for helping the Frank , the Pels family and Fritz Pfeffer , hide.

The fate of all those hiding in that little secret annex in an office in Amsterdam is well documented

Miep died on January 11,2010 aged 100.

An unassuming, immigrant foster child who became an icon for heroism.

 

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8 Comments

  1. Hi Dirk, Hermine (Miep) Santruschitz (her family name in the
    Viennese birth and baptismal register was wrongly spellt “Santrouschitz”) was an illegitimate child. Her mother “Karoline, born Santruschitz” (1885) was not married when Hermine was born and Hermines real father was not recorded in her birth register.) I don’t know were you got the informations from but Mathias “Santruschitz and Genoveva Jakuschitz” were not Hermines parents. “Mathias Santruschitz and Genofeva Jakuschitz” were Hermine’s great-grandparents and her mothers Karoline Santruschitz grandparents. Mathias Santruschitz (1822-1858) and Genofeva Jakuschitz (1823-1889). Greetings from Vienna, Beatrice

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Hello.

    Where is a birth ceritficate about Hermine/Miep 1909 in Vienna ?
    I can not find anything in Matricula of Vienna.

    Miep said, she had a biological sister, who was born around 1919/1920 . What’s about her ? She died possibly young ?

    Cu

    Andrea

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hello Andrea,
      Maybe I can help. I will send you a link to the birth register of Hermine. Her mother “Karoline, born Santruschitz” (1885) was not married when Hermine was born, therefore Hermines real father was not recorded in the birth register.
      Dirk got it wrong, Hermines parents weren’t Mathias “Santruschitz and Genoveva Jakuschitz” and I told him but unfortunately he didn’t response and correct it.
      This is the link to Hermines birth register:
      https://data.matricula-online.eu/de/oesterreich/wien/08-alservorstadtkrankenhaus/01-213/?pg=212
      Her sister Anna Santruschitz was born on July 2, 1919 in Vienna and died on June 4, 1937 in Vienna after she committed suizite. Only a very few people know about it and unfortunately there is far too much false information about Hermines parents and grandparents on the Internet as well.
      By the way Hermines grandparents (Karolines parents) name were Georg Santruschitz and Magdalena, born Lackner.
      This is the link to Annas birth register:
      https://data.matricula-online.eu/de/oesterreich/wien/08-alservorstadtkrankenhaus/01-247/?pg=5
      Sorry about my poor English Andrea but don’t hesitate to ask me, I’ll be happy to help if you want to know more.
      Kindest Regards,
      Beatrice

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Hello Beatrice.
    Thank you so much about your help.
    Do you know, what’s about the biological parents from Hermine/Miep ? Why does her sister lost her live so far ?

    Cu

    Andrea

    Like

  4. P.S. Do you know, that Hermine/Miep was adopted by her “foster” parents in the Netherlands ?
    Hermine/Miep wrote that in her book, but nothing about being upset, to stay and to live in the Netherlands ? Or lived Hermine/Miep with the family (father, mother, 4 sons, 1 daughter) together, but not being adopted ?

    We can not ask Hermine/Miep. 😉

    Cu

    Andrea

    Like

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