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The Ohrdruf camp was a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp, and the first Nazi camp liberated by US troops.
Created in November 1944 near the town of Gotha, Germany, Ohrdruf supplied forced labor in the form of concentration camp prisoners for railway construction leading to a proposed communications center, which was never completed due to the rapid American advance. In late March 1945, the camp had a prisoner population of some 11,700, but in early April the SS evacuated almost all the prisoners on death marches to Buchenwald.
The SS guards killed many of the remaining prisoners who were too ill to walk to the railcars.
The 4th Armored Division and the 89th Infantry of the Third US Army liberated Ohrdruf on April 4, 1945.
When the soldiers of the 4th Armored Division entered the camp, they discovered piles of bodies, some covered with lime, and…
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