What a lot of people don’t realize is that Camp Westerbork was actually established as a refugee camp for Jews escaping the Nazi regime in Germany and Austria.and who had illegally entered the Netherlands. It was established by the Dutch government in the summer of 1939.
In July 1942, the Nazis took over the camp and turned it into a transition camp. Jews arrested in the Netherlands were taken to the camp and put on transport. Transport trains arrived at Westerbork every Tuesday from July 1942 to September 1944, and left with close to 100,000 jews.But also Roma and Sinti were transported from Westerbork.
The Deportations were part of the responsibilities of Gestapo sub-Department IV-B4, which was headed by Adolf Eichmann.
Although the camp was relatively “humane” by Nazi standards , it was cruel in other ways. Jewish inmates with families were housed in 200 interconnected cottages The cottages contained…
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