Lindbergh’s Loyalties

The above photograph is from October 1938 of Lindbergh receiving a Silver Cross from Herman Göring, the then-second-highest Nazi official.

Below is part of the timeline of the Holocaust up to that point.

January 30
Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany

March 22
Dachau concentration camp opens

April 1
Boycott of Jewish shops and businesses

April 7
Laws for Reestablishment of the Civil Service barred Jews from holding civil service, university, and state-held positions

April 26
Gestapo established

May 10
Public burning of books written by Jews, political dissidents, and others not approved by the state

July 14
Law stripping East European Jewish immigrants of German citizenship

May 31
Jews barred from serving in the German armed forces

September 15
Nuremberg Laws: Anti-Jewish racial laws were enacted; Jews were no longer considered German citizens; Jews could not marry Aryans; nor could they fly the German flag

November 15
Germany defines a Jew as anyone with three Jewish grandparents; someone with two Jewish grandparents who identifies as a Jew

March 3
Jewish doctors barred from practising medicine in German institutions

March 7
Germans march into the Rhineland, previously demilitarized by the Versailles Treaty

June 17
Himmler appointed the Chief of the German Police

Sachsenhausen concentration camp opens

October 25
Hitler and Mussolini form Rome-Berlin Axis

July 15
Buchenwald concentration camp opens

March 13
Anschluss (incorporation of Austria): all antisemitic decrees immediately applied in Austria

April 26
Mandatory registration of all property held by Jews inside the Reich

July 6
Evian Conference held in Evian, France on the problem of Jewish refugees

August 1
Adolf Eichmann established the Office of Jewish Emigration in Vienna to increase the pace of forced emigration

August 3
Italy enacts sweeping antisemitic laws

September 30
Munich Conference: Great Britain and France agree to the German occupation of the Sudetenland, previously western Czechoslovakia

October 5
Following a request by Swiss authorities, Germans mark all Jewish passports with a large letter “J” restricting Jews from immigrating to Switzerland

October 18
Lindbergh attended a dinner in Berlin with several distinguished guests. That evening Goering presented Lindbergh with the Service Cross of the German Eagle for his services to world aviation

None of the previous events was secret, they were all widely reported. Yet, Charles Lindbergh was happy enough to accept an award from a regime that, at that point, had already murdered several thousand Jews, political prisoners and people with disabilities.



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