Love in the Holocaust

I am always amazed and in awe of people, who despite awful conditions and a very uncertain and bleak future, were still determined to not let that destroy their love for each other. Although they knew the marriage probably wouldn’t last long they still decided to get married.

The picture is a wedding picture of Leendert Vischschraper and Mietje Zendijk. They got married on 12 August 1942 in Amsterdam.

Leendert was murdered in Auschwitz on May31,1944. Mietje was murdered in Bergen Belsen on March 15,1945.

The above picture was taken on the 7th of June 1942. I don’t know who the married couple are, or what their fate was , but more then likely they were also murdered. It could be a weeding picture of Abraham (Jim) de Zwarte and Roza Wertheim, but I am not sure.

Salomon Schrijver married Flora Mendels on 16 April 1942 in Amsterdam. Salomon and Flora deported to Sobibor and murdered on July 9th, 1943.

Abraham (Jim) de Zwarte married Roza Wertheim on 7 June 1942 in the New Synagogue in Amsterdam. A film was made of their wedding , which now is in the Jewish Historical Museum.

The day started in Amsterdam South, in the Waverstraat, where the groom and his family leave for the Transvaalkade in East and then to the Retiefstraat (East). Here, in Jim’s house, the bride is picked up. The wedding will be held in the New Synagogue on Jonas Daniel Meijerplein. A title card with the text ‘star parade’ refers to the obligatory wearing of the Star of David when leaving the synagogue (since 1 May 1942).

Fur worker Abraham aka Jim de Zwarte was born on 13-10-1916 in Amsterdam and murdered in Auschwitz on 28-2-1943, at the age of 26. Seamstress Rosa (or Roza) de Zwarte-Wertheim was born on 13-3-1920 in Amsterdam and murdered in Auschwitz on 15-12-1942, at the age of 22, six months after her marriage.

Below is the link of the film of the wedding day.

https://beeldbankwo2.nl/nl/beelden/detail/7a9d9fd4-e4ff-ff3e-eba4-7e4a90209055/media/3b794541-530f-eaff-1df1-133d538b3425

These were just a few of those brave people, defying hate to seal their love.

sources

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/531767/about-abraham-de-zwarte

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/nl/page/202672/leendert-vischschraper

Donation

I am passionate about my site and I know you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the paypal link. Many thanks

$2.00

The Rooselaar Family-Murdered April 2.1943 in Sobibor.

I wish I could tell you a long story about the Rooselaar family, but I can’t. However the few things I do know I will tell you because it is a chilling tale of evil and destruction.

The Rooselaar family lived in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. They were moved or rather deported to Westerbork at some stage. I know this because on March 30th 1943 the whole family were put on transport from Westerbork to Sobibor. They arrived in Sobibor on April 2nd 1943, where they were all murdered upon arrival.

The family were:

Father -Hartog Rooselaar born in Amsterdam, on 23 July 1900.Reached the age of 42 years, occupation: Furniture maker.

Mother -Anna Rooselaar-Presser born in Amsterdam, 3 July 1904.Reached the age of 38 years

Son-Salomon Rooselaar born in Amsterdam, 14 September 1930.Reached the age of 12 years.

Son-Barend Rooselaar born in Amsterdam, 30 June 1932. Reached the age of 10 years.

Daughter-Estella Rooselaar born in Amsterdam, 9 July 1936. Reached the age of 6 years.

Son-Eduard Rooselaar born in Amsterdam, 6 October 1938.Reached the age of 4 years.

All 6 members of the Rooselaar family were put on the March 3rd 1943 transport to Sobibor, but they weren’t the only ones. In total there were 1246 people who were on that transport.

On April 2nd 1943,1252 Dutch Jews were murdered in Sobibor. 113 were 18 years or younger. Among them were, Jacob de Vries born in The Hague on April 13.1941. He was 11 days away from his 2nd birthday when he was murdered.

Isidore Kiek born in Hilversum, 17 February 1932 .Reached the age of 11 years.

The oldest of those 133 children would have been 97 today. This means they all could have been still alive on April 2,2022.

On October 14, 1943, some 300 Jewish labourers at the camp rose in revolt and killed several SS supervisors and Ukrainian guards. Many inmates were killed during the rebellion or in the attempt to escape. All who remained were executed the following day. The Nazis dismantled the installations and planted the area with trees. Only about 50 Sobibor prisoners ultimately survived the war.

Imagine if the camp had remained open until the end of the war? More then 34,000 Dutch Jews were murdered in Sobibor which closed in November 1943. It had only be operational for just over 18 months.

Just over 56,000 Dutch Jews were murdered in Auschwitz ,which closed in January 1945.

sources

https://www.oorlogsbronnen.nl/tijdlijn/Salomon-Rooselaar/01/65178

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/158373/hartog-rooselaar

Donation

I am passionate about my site and I know you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the paypal link. Many thanks

$2.00

Donald Davids Murdered innocence

I always try to keep my emotions out of it when I write about the Holocaust, but I often fail. How could I not get emotional when I see a picture of a baby who was murdered.

Donald was born in Amsterdam, on 30 March 1941 .He was murdered in Sobibor, on 11 June 1943., aged 2.

His Father was Meindert Davids and his Mother was Alida Davids-Hoost.

Meindert Davids was born on 23 April 1911 in Rotterdam .He was the son of David Davids and Betje Godschalk. Meindert married Alida Hoost, on 3 July 1940 in Aamsterdam.Alida was born on 1 December 1917 in Amsterdam. She was the daughter of Godschalk Hoost and Leentje Beugeltas. The couple had one child, their pride and Joy Donald, who was born on 30 March 1941 in Amsterdam.

On 17 February 1943, Meindert, Alida and their baby boy Donald were deported from their house on the Waverstraat to concentration camp Vught. From the registration card of the Jewish Council archive of Meindert Davids, it shows that he has been transferred on 21 May 1943 from Vught to the Moerdijk Command, a satellite command of Vught, and subsequently to to Vught and then to Westerbork where he steyd in barrack 62. On 21 September Meindert was put on transport to Auschwitz.

Where he was immediately murdered in the gas chambers of Auschwitz-Birkenau, upon arrival on September 24,1943

Little Donald and his Mother were sent to Westerbork on the 7th of June 1943.

Donald Davids was deported to Sobibor, together with his mother on the 8th June 1943 with the so-called children’s transport.

There were about 3000 people on that transport. Below is the breakdown of the age groups.

Off the 3000 people, 2743 are murdered in Sobibor. 17 Others are murdered elsewhere

Donald Davids is murdered on June 11.1943 He reached the age of 2 years. Another 3000+ Dutch Jews were murdered in Sobibor that day.

sources

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/nl/page/156499/donald-davids

https://www.oorlogsbronnen.nl/tijdlijn/Donald-Davids/01/3831

https://www.oorlogsbronnen.nl/tijdlijn/Donald-Davids/01/3831

Donation

I am passionate about my site and I know you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the paypal link. Many thanks

$2.00

The murder of Sophie van Tijn

Sophie is the girl on the left in the above picture. It would have been her 90th birthday today. She was born on March 16, 1932 in Amersfoort. She was transferred via Kamp Vught to Camp Westerbork on 23 May 1943. There were another 1172 people on that transport. 1171 Jewish Dutch citizens and one other, possibly a Roma or resistance fighter.

This is the age breakdown of that transport.

From Westerbork,Sophie and her family were deported to Sobibor on 8 June 1943 – with transport number 68. It was transport 68 from Westerbork but it was Transport 15 to Sobibor.
On June 8, 1943, the 15th train left from Westerbork to Sobibor. On this train, there were 3017 persons. It was the train of the notorious Children’s Transport. The lives of all 3017 men, women and children aboard this 15th transport, ended in Sobibor on the 11th of June, 1943. Sophie and her family included.

Sophie’s oldest sister was murdered on May 23.1943 in Sobibor. This was the same day when Sophie, her mother and the other siblings were sent to Westerbork from Vught.

Sophie’s Father ,Samuel, a coachman ,died on March 16,1942 at home after a short illness. He died on Sophie’s 10th birthday, 80 years ago today.

Her siblings:

Sister;Esther Reintje van Tijn-born in Amersfoort, 18 May 1926. Murdered in Sobibor, 28 May 1943. Reached the age of 17 years.

Sister; Isa van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 26 June 1929. Murdered in–Sobibor, 11 June 1943.Reached the age of 13 years.

Sister; Reintje van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 10 March 1928. Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943. Reached the age of 15 years.

Brother: Izak van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 1 November 1930. Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943. Reached the age of 12 years

Brother; Benjamin van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 10 February 1937.Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943.Reached the age of 6 years.

Brother; Salomon van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 13 September 1941.Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943.Reached the age of 1 year.

Mother;Roosje van Tijn-Gompers-Born in Gouda, 27 March 1905. Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943. Occupation: Shop assistant. Reached the age of 38 years

All these murders are absolutely heartbreaking. It is only because it is Sophie’s birthday today I mentioned her in the title, but I could have put any of their names in the title.

It was only on May 17,1950 when Sophie’s death was officially registered.

a whole family wiped out, the most of them on one day, just because of some warped ideology.

sources

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/197033/sophie-van-tijn

https://www.sobibor.org/en/the-nineteen-transports/

https://www.openarch.nl/hua:FA6A1840-6B8C-4564-9A11-E0DF575D084E

https://www.oorlogsbronnen.nl/tijdlijn/Sophie-van-Tijn/01/1827?lang=nl

Nineteen trains Westerbork-Sobibor

In 1943, 19 trains left Westerbork for Sobibor. Over 34.000 men, women en children from The Netherlands made this journey. Not knowing where they would go, thinking they would be resettled. Most these people were all murdered within a five-month time span, after arriving in Sobibor. Only 18 people out of all these Dutch transports to Sobibor survived the war.

On March 2, 1943, the first train with 1105 people departed from Westerbork camp to Sobibor. After a journey of three days, the train arrived on March 5.

The last train that left Westerbork for Sobibor left Westerbork on Tuesday, July 20, 1943. This was transport 19. In the cattle cars, there were 2209 men, women and children. No survivors.

I am not able to tell the stories of all 34,000 victims, but I can tell the story of a few of them.

Catherina Veffer-Appelboom arrived in Westerbork on 23 February 1943 and stayed in barrack 55. The higher barracks served as transit barracks during this period. Catherina was one of those on the firs transport of the 2nd of March 1943. The journey took 3 days she was murdered on the 5th March in Sobibor. She was born in Amsterdam, on September 18, 1868. She was aged 74 when she was murdered

Her son Jonas would follow along with his wife and their youngest daughter: the three of them were part of the children’s transport from Vught. They were murdered in Sobibor on 11 June.
Catherina’s older sister, Rebecca, had already arrived in Westerbork on 25 January 1943 and was staying in barrack 84 . Their brother Gerrit arrived in Westerbork two days after Catherina was deported to Sobibor. A week later, together with his sister Rebecca, they were put on a transport to Sobibor, where they were murdered on March 13, 1943.

The 17th train that left for Sobibor left on Tuesday, July 6 from Westerbork. Aboard there were 2417 men, women and children. They were all murdered upon arrival in Sobibor on Friday, July 9.

One of them was 6 years old Lea Judith de la Penha, from Amsterdam.

Lea Judith de la Penha was the daughter of David de la Penha (Amsterdam, 12 August 1909) and Judith Rodrigues Parreira (Amsterdam, 27 September 1903). The family lived at Graaf Florisstraat 21 until 11 May 1943 and then until 6 July 1943 at Graaf Florisstraat 5-1
Lea’s Father, David, was a wall paperer and insurance agent by profession, and, according to the personal card of the city archives, also a stone printer. Her Mother, Judith, was a tailor.
Lea’s Father and mother were married in Amsterdam on August 8, 1934. In 1936 David and Judith had their first child, who was either stillborn or died soon after birth on April 5, 1936. This child was buried on April 6 at Beth Haim in Ouderkerk aan de Amstel.

Their daughter Lea was born on May 11, 1937.

David, Judith and Lea were arrested in 1943 and were deported from Westerbork to Sobibor on July 6th . There were 2,417 people on this transport.
On arrival on July 9th , 1943, all people from this transport were murdered almost immediately.

sources

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/95870455/lea-judith-de_la_penha

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/nl/page/166831/catherina-veffer-appelboom

The 80th Anniversary of the Establishment of the Death Camps – Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka 27.2.22

Once again I had the privilege to attend a session organised by the Ghetto Fighters’ House museum. A very informative session and also very chilling the witness accounts.

The third program in the series, “Rethinking the ‘Final Solution’ and the Wannsee Conference 80 Years Later”, will present a multidisciplinary look at the three Operation Reinhard camps and how they operated. Dr. Tamir Hod, historian at the Ghetto Fighters’ House, will present his most recent research on the daily life of the Ukrainian collaborators in Belzec and Treblinka. The archeologist Yoram Haimi will discuss his long-term work in the Sobibór Archaeological Project and the importance of his findings.Hannah Wilson, a PhD candidate at Nottingham Trent University and Content Director for World ORT, took part in the project with Haimi, and will discuss the Sobibor uprising that took place in October 1943 whose narrative has marginalized the experiences of women in the camp. She will outline the roles of women within camp structures, the uprising itself and their stories throughout the months that followed.

This program is in partnership with Liberation 75, Remember the Women Institute, the Rabin Chair Forum, Classrooms Without Borders, the House of the Wannsee Conference Memorial and Educational Site, and the Johannesburg Holocaust and Genocide Center.

source

https://www.gfh.org.il/eng

A Jewish wedding

I often wonder why did people get married during World War 2. Especially when you were Jewish, because you had even more uncertainty about your life then the general population.

But then I look at the 2 people in the picture, and all I see is pure love. That look is the look of a couple destined to be together. Their love conquered the fear of their future. Their love conquered the hate that they experienced on a daily basis.

The couple was Maurits (Mau) Samuel de Jong and Annie Rozet de Jong-Wijnman. The picture was taken on August 23,1942 in The Hague, the Netherlands. It was their wedding picture. I don’t know too much about Jewish weddings , but I do know about one particular wedding ritual,”Bedken”.

I understand that during Bedken, the groom approaches the bride and places a veil over her bride this is to symbolize modesty as well as his commitment to clothe and protect his wife. It also signifies that the love of the groom for his bride is not only for her external but also her inner beauty. The tradition of the groom veiling the bride himself goes back to biblical times .It is to ensure that the groom does not get tricked into marrying someone else.

Not long after the Bombardment of Rotterdam of May 1940 the young teacher Maurits Samuel de Jong moved to Zaltbommel. The rabbi of Zaltbommel had already fled at that time. Mau de Jong then took over the tasks of the rabbi. Even though he was offered places to go into hiding he said he wanted to go where the community went.

I doubt that the newly wed couple went on a honeymoon.

Both Mau and Annie were deported to Sobibor where they were murdered on July 16,1943. Mau was aged 23, Annie was aged 21. They didn’t even get to celebrate their first anniversary.

sources

https://www.geni.com/people/Annie-Wijnman/6000000032604786897

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/222479/maurits-samuel-de-jong

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/143614/annie-rozet-de-jong-wijnman

https://www.geni.com/people/Maurits-Samuel-de-Jong/6000000045379808003

The incredibly sad story of Koenraad Huib Gezang .

Before I go into the story of Koenraad , I want to mention someone else. The 2 people are connected by the date January 29,1942. Clazina van Leeuwen-Menassen died on this date, she was a Jewish lady but she was spared the horrors of the camps, she died at the ripe old age of 100.

Koenraad was born on January 29,1942.

He was the second child of Florence Gezang-Goudeket and Maurits Gezang . The couple had had another son, Edward . At the time of Koentje’s birth, the family lived in The Hague, the Netherlands.

After a failed attempt to escape to Switzerland in August 1942, the Gezang couple decided to go into hiding separately from each other. Koentje was left in early October with Leo van Dis in Overveen. A Dutch teacher at the Second HBS in Haarlem, he was a member of the Dutch Reformed Church and involved in resistance work within his religious community. He promised to find a reliable foster home for the child. This was a tried and tested method of the resistance to save Jewish babies: a baby was placed on the doorstep of a trustworthy family (usually by agreement), who then alerted the police and registered the baby with the registry office. Then the family took care of the child and either adopted it, or it went to an orphanage. In this way the child was no longer registered as Jewish and could potentially survive the war or deportation.

On October 16 at 8.45 pm Koenraad was put as a foundling on the doorstep of the Van de Bunt family at Duinwijckweg 1 in Bloemendaal. Henk van de Bunt, father of the family, reported his discovery by telephone to police sergeant Henk Bikkel, after which an investigation was started into the origin of the child. By means of a notification in the Haarlemsche Courant of 20 October, the public was asked for information by the police.

The notification says that the boy was dressed in a pink jacket and a pink hat. In those days baby boys would wear pink and baby girls would wear blue.

National newspapers took over this report a day later. On October 26, Van de Bunt filed a declaration with the registry office of the municipality of Bloemendaal.[The foundling was given the first name Remi, after the main character from the book Alone in the world by Hector Malot ; the surname Van Duinwijck refers to the location of the child. His age was estimated at about eight months. Remi was lovingly welcomed into the family of Henk van de Bunt, his wife Jo and their children.

Four days later, the couple and Koenraad had to report to the head office of the Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam. The SD took the position that Koentje(short voor Koenraad) was not allowed to stay with his foster parents, because he was a Jewish child. Jo van de Bunt’s objection that this was not certain because the child had not been circumcised, was to no avail. The couple had to return home without Koentje.

In order to determine whether Koentje was actually Jewish, the doctor and alderman of Public Health Johan Lodewijk Strakwas ordered to physically examine the boy. He reported to the Plantage Middenlaan in the first week of 1943. On January 8, 1943, Strak, a member of the NSB and an SS member, reported that Koentje had not been circumcised, but could be called Jewish on the basis of external characteristics.[8]

The boy was transferred by order of the Nazis to the nursery at Plantage Middenlaan 31, opposite the Hollandsche Schouwburg in Amsterdam.

The little boy stole the hearts of the nursery staff and of the German officers, who came to visit him regularly. All the attention the boy received made it impossible to send him into hiding.

In order to determine whether Koentje was actually Jewish, the doctor and alderman of Public Health Johan Lodewijk Strak was ordered to physically examine the boy. He reported to the Plantage Middenlaan in the first week of 1943. On January 8, 1943, Strak, a member of the NSB and an SS member, reported that Koentje had not been circumcised, but could be called Jewish on the basis of ‘physical attributes’. How he determined that is a puzzle to me. It is a myth that there are any specific Jewish ‘physical attributes’ ,then again the whole blonde blue eyed Aryan notion was a myth too. The original Aryans were from Indo-Iranian origin.

After a stay of more than five months in the nursery , Koentje was transferred to Camp Westerbork, where he arrived on 15 April 1943.

On May 18, 1943, the 12th transport departed from Westerbork for Sobibór. There were 2,511 adults and children on board the train. One of them was Remi van Duinwijck, his real name ,Koenraad Huib Gezang, was not yet known at the time. Koenraad was murdered on May 21,1943, age 1.

In 2002, the real name of Remi van Duinwijck finally was released as Koenraad Huib Gezang .

Koentje’s mother Florence went into hiding in October 1942, together with her parents and sister Helena. In December they were discovered, arrested by the Gestapo and transported to Westerbork. From there they were transported, together with the parents of her Husband, Maurits Gezang, to Sobibór on 6 April 1943, where they were all murdered three days later. Koenraad’s dad and brother, Maurits and Eddy, managed to move to Paris , where they lived under the name Wiedeman. Both survived the war. Maurits remarried and died in 1983. Eddy Gezang emigrated to Sweden in the early 1950s. After he stopped working in 1995, he investigated what had happened to his brother during the war. Initially he cherished the hope that Koentje was still alive, possibly under another name. Gradually he found out that the photos his father once gave him of his brother showed the same boy who was known as the foundling Remi from the nursery. In 2002 he resigned himself to the fact that Koentje alias Remi had been murdered in Poland. Eddy passed away in 2014.

sources

https://westerborkportretten.nl/westerborkportretten/koenraad-huib-gezang-alias-remi-van-duinwijck

https://1940-1945.bloemendaal.nl/index.php?id=88

https://www.oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/49273/koenraad-huib-gezang#

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/116877/koenraad-huib-gezang#intro

Donation

I am passionate about my site and I know you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the paypal link. Many thanks

$2.00


Happy Birthday Simon Herman van den Bergh

Simon Herman van den Bergh would have been 80 today.

He would have reached 960 months today.

He would have reached 29,200 days today, plus an additional 20 days if you include leap years.

But Simon Herman van den Bergh didn’t even reach 2 years. He didn’t even reach 19 months.

He was born on December 14,1941 in Amsterdam and he was murdered on July 2,1943 in Sobibor.

On December 19.1941 his proud parents announced his arrival in “Het Joodsche Weekblad” the Jewish weekly. With the words “With gladness we would like to announce the birth of our Son .Simon Herman” It also gives the Dutch date of birth 14 December 1941 as well as the Jewish date 24 Kislew 5702.

His parents knew the uncertainty of their and his future. But could they have envisaged that their baby boy would have been considered a threat to the security of the Nazi regime? Maybe, they did. But poor little Simon wasn’t a threat to anyone, nor were any of the 1.5 million children murdered by the Nazis.

Happy Birthday Dear Simon. Tonight I will look up at the stars and will say a prayer for you, that is the only present I can give you.

source

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/224924/simon-herman-van-den-bergh

European Hate

When you look at the picture you might think that it is an innocent portrayal , of a street somewhere in the Netherlands.

A typical Dutch scene. Someone cycling, two bikes parked against a sign. What could be hateful here?

It is actually the sign itself that has a message of hate. It says “Jews not wanted” or “Jews not desired” . Above the sign there is another one, it gives us the name of the town ‘de Bilt’ . This is not just any town in the Netherlands, it is one of the most affluent towns in the country, it has been for centuries. It was the birthplace of Joan Gideon Loten, a prominent member of the Dutch East India Company .It was also the birthplace of Johan Beyen a politician, who helped create the European Economic Community. During World War II, he was, in addition to his position at Unilever, financial advisor to the Dutch government in exile in London. In 1944, he played an important role during the Bretton Woods conference where the foundations were laid for the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. From 1946, he was the Dutch representative in the board of the World Bank and from 1948 also in that of the IMF.

The town is also where one of America’s wealthiest families originated from , the Vanderbilt family.

So a very influential town. No one in the town had to fear any hardships or job losses caused by Jews, yet this was one the lies spread by the Nazis.

The hateful rhetoric was based on nothing. Of course the sign, as many other signs, were put up on order by the Nazis, but there was little or no resistance by the population to put up them up.

The Holocaust didn’t happen overnight it was a gradual process.

De Bilt is and was also the home of the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) since 1854. One of the institutes employees was Kittie Koperberg.

Kitty was fired from her job at the KNMI on November 21,1940 because she was Jewish. Even if she hadn’t been fired it was made very clear that she was no longer welcome in De Bilt. Like so many other Jews, Kittie was sent to Westerbork from there she was put on a transport to Sobibor on May 11,1943. When she arrived in Sobibor on the 14th of May she was murdered.

It is easy for me to judge in retrospect, however I don’t feel like it is a judgement but a critical analysis of the history of a dark era of the country I was born in. If we can’t be critical about our past we can never be critical about the present or the future. We will not learn from the mistakes that were made.

I know some people will jump on this blog to criticize the Dutch. But this will more then likely be done by people who live in one of the countries, that are currently white washing their mistakes, actively revising the history and distort it to suit their current narrative.

The hate against the Jews didn’t only exist in Germany but all over Europe.

The millions of victims of the Holocaust, and those who survived deserve better then that.

sources

https://cdn.knmi.nl/system/readmore_links/files/000/000/927/original/Kittie_Koperberg_1892-1943.pdf?1523974128

https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/83004/catharina-helmina-koperberg

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/vrouwen-toen-en-nu-kitty-koperberg-1892-1943-elly-pieta-van-beek/?originalSubdomain=nl

Donation

I am passionate about my site and I know you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the paypal link. Many thanks

$2.00