Funding the Holocaust.

The picture above is of an Opel Bliz troops transporter, Opel is one of the companies that provided the Nazi regime with equipment but also with funding.

But Opel was not the only company. Funding the Nazis already started early 1930s.

Nineteen representatives of industry, finance, and agriculture signed a petition on November 19, 1932 where they requested for German President Paul von Hindenburg to make Adolf Hitler the German Chancellor.

On February 20 a secret meeting held by Adolf Hitler and 20 to 25 industrialists at the official residence of the President of the Reichstag Hermann Göring in Berlin. Its purpose was to raise funds for the election campaign of the Nazi Party.

The German elections were to be held on 5 March 1933. The Nazi Party wanted to achieve two-thirds majority to pass the Enabling Act and desired to raise three million Reichsmark to fund the campaign. According to records, 2,071,000 Reichsmarks (equivalent to about €9,000,000 in 2022) were contributed at the meeting. Together with the Industrial petition, it is used as evidence to support the idea that big business played a central role in the rise of the Nazi Party.

These are just some of the men and companies that supported the Nazi regime, financially and often also in equipment and services.

Ernst Brandi, chairman of Bergbauverein
Karl Büren, director general of Braunkohlen- und Brikettindustrie AG, board member of Deutschen Arbeitgeberverbände
August Diehn , board member of Wintershall AG
Ludwig Grauert
Guenther Heubel , director general of C. TH. Heye Braunkohlenwerke AG, board member of Deutschen Arbeitgeberverbände
Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
Hans von und zu Loewenstein, executive member of Bergbauverein
Fritz von Opel, board member of Adam Opel AG
Günther Quandt, major industrialist, later appointed Leader of the Armament Economy (Wehrwirtschaftsführer)
Wolfgang Reuter , director general of Demag, chairman of Vereins Deutscher Maschinenbau-Anstalten, presidential member of Reichsverbands der Deutschen Industrie
August Rosterg, director general of Wintershall AG
Hjalmar Schacht
Georg von Schnitzler, board member of IG Farben
Eduard Schulte, director general of Giesches Erben, Zink und Bergbaubetrieb
Fritz Springorum , Hoesch AG
Hugo Stinnes Jr. , board member of Reichsverband der Deutschen Industrie, member of the Supervisory board of Rhenish-Westphalian Coal Syndicate
Ernst Tengelmann, CEO of Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks AG
Albert Vögler, CEO of Vereinigte Stahlwerke AG
Ludwig von Winterfeld , board member of Siemens & Halske AG and Siemens-Schuckertwerke AG
Wolf-Dietrich von Witzleben , head of the office of Carl Friedrich von Siemens

Some other companies and how they contributed

AEG -Germany Forced labour from concentration camps.
Allianz -Berlin, Germany Provided insurance for facilities and workers at concentration camps.
Associated Press – New York, United States Censorship and cooperation with Nazi Germany.
Audi- Zwickau, Germany Forced labour from concentration camps.
-Bahlsen- Hannover, Germany Employed about 200 forced labourers between 1943 and 1945 – most of whom were women from Nazi-occupied Ukraine.
BASF -Ludwigshafen, Germany Collaborated with Degussa AG – now Evonik Industries – and IG Farben – to produce sodas used in Zyklon B – utilized in Concentration Camps to commit mass murder. The BASF built the chemical factory IG Auschwitz.
Bayer- Barmen, Germany Forced labour and medical experimentation in concentration camps,production of the chemicals and pharmaceuticals supplies of Nazi Germany.
BMW-Munich, Germany Forced labour from concentration camps, produced fighting sidecar motorcycles BMW R75 and aircraft engines.
Carl Walther GmbH-Germany Produced Gewehr military carabines and Walther handguns.
Chase National Bank-Manhattan, New York State, USA Assisted in the sale of Nazi war bonds (Rueckwanderer Marks) to German Americans.
Degussa AG (now Evonik Industries)-Frankfurt, Germany Zyklon B pesticide production used for executions in gas chambers.
Dehomag (a subsidiary of IBM)-Germany Provided data computers for the Gestapo state police notably for arrests.
Deutsche Bank-Germany Provided construction loans for Auschwitz.
Deutsche Bergwerks- und Hüttenbau- Germany Mine and quarries.
Dresdner Bank- Dresden, Germany Major stakeholder in the construction company for Auschwitz.
Eisenwerke Oberdonau- Germany Steel production. Part of Reichswerke Hermann Göring.
Flugmotorenwerke Ostmark-Lower Austria Engine production mainly for aircraft.
Focke-Wulf- Germany Produced Focke-Wulf military planes.
Franz Eher Nachfolger- Germany Produced books and the famous Mein Kampf under the control of the Nazi party.
General Motors- United States Automotive industry, provided passenger vehicles for the SS, Wehrmacht and the Nazi party.
Hoesch AG-Dortmund, Germany Mines and steel productions.
Hugo Boss- Metzingen, Germany Produced propaganda items, uniforms for Nazi State and Vichy Collaborating State.
IBM-New York, USA Produced early computers utilized in the pursuit of the Holocaust by Nazi Germany.
IG Farben-Frankfurt am Main, Germany Zyklon B main manufacturer.
Krupp (now part of ThyssenKrupp) – Essen, Germany Zyklon B was produced by the company along with other ones. Some more of the productions were Panzer Tank Series, U-boats, military ships, artillery guns.
Maggi (now owned by Nestlé) – Switzerland Benefited from slave labour.
Mercedes-Benz -Stuttgart, Germany Forced labour from concentration camps, produced turret for tanks. Also were the limos of choice of Nazi leaders such as Hitler, Göring, Himmler, and Heydrich.
Porsche- Stuttgart, Germany Forced labour,created design for the first version of the outgunning heavy Tiger tank series: the Tiger I despite the trials it was not retained for further production.
Puma -Herzogenaurach, Germany As Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory, with Adidas. Shoe supplier to Hitler Youth.
Reichswerke Hermann Göring- Berlin, Germany State-owned steelworks.
Siemens-Kreuzberg, Berlin, Germany Forced labour, Trucks possibly other productions as trains.
Standard Oil- Cleveland, Ohio Provided fuel for U-boats.
Steyr Arms-Steyr, Austria Forced labour in the Steyr-Münichholz subcamp, production of weapons.
Steyr-Daimler-Puch- Steyr, Austria Constructed military facilities and military vehicles as the light RSO Raupenschlepper Ost (with cargo, self propelled antitank and traction versions).
Stoewer- Stettin, Germany Used forced labour in its factory. manufacturer leichter geländegängiger Einheits-PKW, a versatile four-wheel drive car, for Wehrmacht.
Swarovski-Wattens, Austria Members of the executive board were members of the Nazi Party.
Thyssen AG (now part of ThyssenKrupp)- Hamborn, Germany Produced steel, machines, weapons and steelworks.
Topf and Sons- Erfurt, Germany Designed, manufactured and installed crematoria for concentration and extermination camps.
Volkswagen Group- Berlin, Germany Forced labour from concentration camps. Produced V-1 flying bomb and Kübelwagen military vehicles.

These were not the only companies, Coca Cola created the Fanta brand for the German Army, due to some sanctions not all ingredients to manufacture Coca Cola were available in Germany

Henry Ford was a great admired of Hitler and also funded the Nazi party, it is alleged that Henry Ford sent Hitler a cheque of $50,000 on Hitler’s birthdays.

Not only did these companies fund the Nazi regime and therefore by association the Holocaust, they also profited from the death and destruction caused by the Nazis. Many of them went on to become global marker leaders in their fields and some are now known as manufactures of luxury goods.

sources

https://www.jstor.org/stable/1841917

https://dbpedia.org/page/Secret_Meeting_of_20_February_1933

https://www.ns-archiv.de/nsdap/foerderung/eingabe-hindenburg.php

Donation

I am passionate about my site and I know you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2, however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thank you. To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the PayPal link. Many thanks.

$2.00

How BMW got it’s wealth:The Quandt-Nazi connection.

evolution-logo-bmw

BMW is one of the most recognizable brands in the world. It stands for wealth and desirability, however it’s history is not as desirable as one would expect.

Günther Quandt (28 July 1881 – 30 December 1954) was a German industrialist who founded an industrial empire that today includes BMW and Altana (chemicals).

Eight of the hundred currently richest Germans are among his descendants.

bundesarchiv_bild_183-b03534_gunther_quandt_wehrwirtschaftsfuhrer

During World War I, with Günther in charge, the Quandts supplied the German army with uniforms, building up a larger fortune that Günther would use after the war to acquire Accumulatorenfabrik AG (AFA), a battery manufacturer in Hagen that would become VARTA, a potash-mining company, metal-working companies (including IWKA) and stakes in BMW and Daimler-Benz.

Günther Quandt first married Antonie ‘Toni’ Ewald. They had two sons Helmut Quandt (1908–1927) and Herbert Quandt. Antonie died of the Spanish flu in 1918 and Helmut died of complications from appendicitis in 1927.

His second marriage on 4 January 1921 in Bad Godesberg to Magda Ritschel produced another son, Harald Quandt. Magda was half Günther’s age. The marriage ended in divorce in 1929. Although the couple divorced in 1929, they remained on friendly terms. Magda later married Goebbels at a property owned by Günther Quandt. Adolf Hitler was Goebbels’ best man.

Wedding of Dr. Josef Goebbels and Magda Goebbels

After Hitler’s election in 1933 Quandt joined the Nazi Party. In 1937 Hitler gave him the title of a Wehrwirtschaftsführer, (Leader in the Defence Economy), like other industrialists who played a leading role in the war economy. Quandt’s businesses supplied ammunition, rifles, artillery and batteries, using slave labourers from concentration camps in at least three factories. Hundreds of these labourers died. An execution area was set up in the grounds of AFA’s Hanover factory. Quandt also appropriated factories throughout Europe after German invasions.

The AFA Hannover plant was basically a Concentration Camp where inmates were forced to work with highly toxic chemicals without any protective clothing. Many of them died. Today is is still a highly polluted abandoned industrial area.

2016-12-22-2

AFA’s factory in Viennese borough of Schwechat was one of the sub-camps of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp.

bundesarchiv_bild_192-334_kz_mauthausen_garagenhofeinfahrt

The factory was destroyed by an RAF Bomber Command air raid on 2 December 1944 . It provided batteries for, among others, the German U-Boats and Panzer tanks.

At the end of World War II, the US Senate held hearings on the operations of the German economy during the war. They found that Quandt was an important director in German industry, with a number of inter-locking companies, syndicates and corporations. He had interest in such areas as insurance, banking, automobiles, ammunition, textiles, electricity, batteries and other areas. They found that he was given a title, “Leader in the War Economy” (Wehrwirtschaftsführer) by the Nazi government.

In 1946, Quandt was arrested because of the Goebbels connection, and interned. To the surprise of many, he was judged to be a Mitläufer (fellow traveller), namely someone who accepted the Nazi ideology but did not take an active part in crimes. In January 1948, Quandt was released.

In an interview with Hans-Oskar Baron Löwenstein de Witt in the documentary”The Silence of the Quandts” he said that they were forced to work in the armement factory in toxic fumes and were the first one to wear the yellow David star before anyone else.

2016-12-22-3

One of the prosecutors in the Nuremberg trials, Benjamin Ferencz, now says that if today’s evidence against Quandt had been presented to the court at the time, “Quandt would have been charged with the same offences as the directors of IG Farben.

Ben-Ferencz.png

” The directors served up to eight years in jail. Instead Quandt was able to re-install himself in the supervisory boards of various German firms, e.g. Deutsche Bank. He also became honorary citizen of the University in Frankfurt in 1951. He died on vacation in Cairo on 30 December 1954.

His two surviving sons, Herbert and Harald, administered their inheritance together, though Harald Quandt concentrated on the industrial plants Karlsruhe Augsburg AG (IWKA) which were involved in mechanical engineering and arms manufacture, while Herbert Quandt managed the investments in AFA/VARTA, Daimler-Benz and BMW.

Herbert Quandt

He gained greater responsibility for companies which his father had acquired and after 1945, he rebuilt them. He developed a business philosophy of decentralised organisation which gave executives wide powers for decision-making and allowed employees to participate in their company’s success.

When Günther died in 1954, the Quandt group was a conglomerate of about 200 businesses including the battery manufacturer, several metal fabrication companies, textile companies and chemical companies (including Altana AG). It also owned about 10% of car company Daimler-Benz and about 30% of BMW. After Günther’s death, the conglomerate was divided between his two surviving sons: Herbert and Harald Quandt, who was Herbert’s half brother.

BMW was an ailing company and in 1959 its management suggested selling the whole concern to Daimler-Benz. Herbert Quandt was close to agreeing to such a deal, but changed his mind at the last minute because of opposition from the workforce and trade unions. Instead he increased his share in BMW to 50% against the advice of his bankers, risking much of his wealth. He was instrumental in reversing the company’s fortunes.

BMW was already planning its BMW 1500 model when Quandt took control.

bmw-1500-03

It was launched in 1962 and established a new segment in the car market: the quality production saloon. It occupied a position between the mass production car and the craftsman-built output of the luxury producers. BMW’s sophisticated technical skills put it in a strong position to fill this niche. It was this model that put BMW on the path to success.

When Harald died in 1967 in an air crash, Herbert received more shares in BMW, VARTA and IWKA. In 1974, Herbert, and Harald’s widow, Inge, sold their stake in Daimler-Benz to the Government of Kuwait.

Herbert Quandt died 2 June 1982 in Kiel.

Today the Quandts are multi-billionaires, although it is difficult to put an exact figure on their wealth. They do not give interviews and are very publicity shy.

Harald Quandt

tumblr_mtk0k92wmv1s8mhl4o1_500

 

After his mother’s remarriage, Quandt remained with his father, who became a prominent business leader in the Third Reich. Nevertheless, he paid regular visits to his mother, who had become “the First Lady of the Third Reich”, and to his stepfather, who was minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda from 1933. After 1934, he returned to his mother and lived with the Goebbels family until passing his school-leaving examination in 1940. Residing with his adopted family, he raised several eyebrows by supporting the sloganeering of the Indian politician Subhash Chandra Bose.

netaji_debaditya_chatterjee

For this reason he was sent away to the front in Italy.

He served as a lieutenant in the Luftwaffe during World War II. He took part in the Battle of Crete in 1941 and later fought in Russia and Italy, where he was injured. In 1944, he was captured by Allied troops in Italy; he was released in 1947. Magda and Joseph Goebbels committed suicide after killing their six children on 1 May 1945.

35e331d7e6f2c7c7968d85ea7ef6da7a

Harald was the only one of Magda’s children to survive.

After returning to Germany, he first assisted his half-brother in re-building the family firms, and then from 1949 to 1953 studied mechanical engineering in Hanover and Stuttgart, where his family owned large firms (AFA/VARTA in Hanover, a private equity firm in Stuttgart).

He survived an aviation accident at Zürich International Airport but died in 1967 when another of his aircraft crashed in Cuneo, Italy.

Susanne Klatten (born Susanne Hanna Ursula Quandt on 28 April 1962) is the daughter of Herbert and Johanna Quandt. As of August 2015, her net worth is US$19.6 billion, and she is the richest woman in Germany and the 38th richest person in the world. The basis of this wealth is on the deaths of slave labourers and concentration camp inmates.

It is estimated that the Quandt family used 50,000 slave labourers during WWII many of whom did not survive.