Jews in the NSB

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Many European countries had an equivalent of the NSDAP(Nazi) party, the Dutch National Socialist party was the NSB. It may be hard to believe nowadays but not every National Socialist party started off as an anti-Semitic party, as was the case with the NSB.

The NSB even had Jewish members, and the party leader ,Anton Mussert, emphasized in the party’s news paper,Volk en Vaderland(people and Fatherland) that the NSB was not an anti-Semitic party and Jews were welcome.

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He also wanted to make it clear that the NSB was nothing like the German NSDAP,it felt more aligned with the Italian Fascist party.

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He claimed that the Jews would always be an integral part of the future of the Netherlands and they had nothing to be worried about.

However that prediction and promise became null and void the minute the Nazis took power in the Netherlands.

Although initially the Jews who had been active members of the NSB were excluded from deportation.

Between February and April 1943 eight ‘NSB Jews’ and the artist,Jo SpierS ,  were interned under the protection of Mussert in Villa Bouchina, a parsonage of the Christian Reformed Church in the City of Doetinchem. They became to be known as the ‘Mussert Jews’

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The villa was empty because the resident Reverend J.TH. Meesters was taken to camp Amersfoort on 11 September 1942 for his participation in the Dutch resistance, where he was executed on 15 October 1942.

Eventually on  April 21 1943, these Jews were taken to Camp Theresienstad.Two of the 9 survived the war , Jo Spiers en Kaatje van Lunenburg .

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“Give me 4 year time”- The Power of the Nazi propaganda machine

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The buzzwords nowadays are ‘fake news’ and ‘alternative facts’ this is rubbish of course because news is news and facts are facts, however the interpretation and manipulation of the news and facts can be fake,

Basically another word for that is propaganda,defined as “information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view.”

The Nazis were masters in propaganda. The above picture is basically an election poster it is promoting a convention of the 1st ‘comprehensive’ performance overview of the National Socialism, in 1937. The heading of the poster says “Give me 4 years time”

As if the Germans had a choice.During the 1936 election and referendum the Germans had already voted for the single rule of the Nazi party and Hitler as supreme leader.

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When you look at the data of the election 99% of the population voted and 98.8% voted for the Nazis.clearly these figures were manipulated.

Ever since Hitler came to power the population was blinded by him. This wasn’t difficult to do for him because he delivered on his promises of employment and building a great Germany again. In 1933 unemployment was 6 million by January 1937 it had decreased to 1.8 million, we know now that was accomplished for all the wrong reasons.The 1933 election poster says “Hitler builds”

 

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This new found prosperity instilled a sense of loyalty towards the Führer, so very few questions were asked in relation what happened inside newly built concentration camps like Dachau or what happened in Euthanasia centers like Hartheim, things were going well and people didn’t want to rock the boat.

Combine all this with an extremely powerful and extremely well oiled propaganda machine it is no wonder the Nazis got away with what they did.

The propaganda was aimed at all age groups. In this Nazi fundraising poster, a member of the Hitler youth asks for money to build youth hostels and homes.

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A German family salutes the German Imperial Railroad.

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Even when the war broke out very few questions were asked,because people believed all the lies spun to them. The fake attack by Polish soldiers like in The Gleiwitz incident.

On the night of 31 August 1939, a small group of German operatives dressed in Polish uniforms and led by Alfred NaujocksAlfred_Naujocks seized the Gleiwitz station and broadcast a short anti-German message in Polish. The whole operation was named “Grossmutter gestorben” (“Grandmother died”).The Germans’ goal was to make the attack and the broadcast look like the work of anti-German Polish saboteurs.

The Gleiwitz incident was a part of a larger operation carried out by Abwehr and SS forces.There were other incidents orchestrated by Germany along the Polish-German border at the same time as the Gleiwitz attack, such as a house torching in the Polish Corridor and spurious propaganda output. The entire project was dubbed Operation Himmler and comprised a number of incidents intended to give the appearance of Polish aggression against Germany.

German newspapers and politicians, including Adolf Hitler, accused Polish authorities for months before the 1939 invasion of organizing or tolerating violent ethnic cleansing of ethnic Germans living in Poland.

The Nazis always blamed the Jews for the misfortune of the German people and they directed their propaganda in such a way to ensure the majority of the population would take the bait.

Nazi Party anti-Semitic poster for the German parliament, the Reichstag, 1928, saying “Make the punch count”

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1943 poster claiming that the Jews were to blame for the war

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Jews were seen as very prosperous and wealthy and that they had profited from the economic woes, and yes there were some who had but so had many other Germans. If any one would have just stood back an analyse the situation they would have seen that the Jews were just as badly affected as any one else.

The German propaganda aided in the extermination of millions without too many questions being asked.

Next time some tells you “this is fake news” stand back and analyse it before you make up your mind.

Family in Front of Eagle, Nazi Party (NSDAP) Political Poster, Germany, 1936

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1933 German Federal Elections

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Federal elections were held in Germany on 5 March 1933. The 1933 poll was held after the Nazi seizure of power and the Reichstag fire, just six days before the election. Nazi storm troopers had unleashed a campaign of violence against the Communist Party (KPD), left-wingers, trade unionists, the Social Democratic Party of Germany, and the centre-right Catholic Centre Party.

The 1933 election followed the previous year’s two elections (July and November) and Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor. In the months before the 1933 election, brownshirts and SS displayed terror, repression and propaganda across the land, and Nazi organizations monitored the vote process. In Prussia 50,000 members of the SS, SA and Stahlhelm were ordered to monitor the votes by acting Interior Minister Hermann Göring, as auxiliary police.

Berlin, Polizeipatrouille am Wahltag

The Nazis registered a large increase in votes in 1933. Despite waging a campaign of terror against their opponents, the Nazis only tallied 43.9 percent of the vote, well short of a majority. They needed the votes of their coalition partner, the German National People’s Party (DNVP), for a bare working majority in the Reichstag.

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This would be the last contested election held in Germany before World War II. Two weeks after the election, Hitler was able to pass an Enabling Act on 23 March with the support of all non-socialist parties, which effectively gave Hitler dictatorial powers. Within months, the Nazis banned all other parties, dissolved the Reichstag and replaced it with a rubberstamp legislature comprising only Nazis and pro-Nazi “guests.”

Despite achieving a much better result than in the November 1932 election, the Nazis did not do as well as Hitler had hoped.

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In spite of massive violence and intimidation, the Nazis won only 43.9% of the vote, rather than the majority that he had expected.

Therefore, Hitler was forced to maintain his coalition with the DNVP to control a majority of seats. The Communists (KPD) lost about a fourth of their votes, while the Social Democrats suffered only moderate losses. Although the KPD had not been formally banned, it was a foregone conclusion that the KPD deputies would never be allowed to take their seats. Within a few days, all of the KPD’s representatives were either under arrest or were in hiding.

Although the Nazi-DNVP coalition had enough seats to conduct the basic business of government, Hitler needed a two-thirds majority to pass the Enabling Act, a law which allowed the Cabinet–in effect, the Chancellor–to enact laws without the approval of the Reichstag for a four-year period.

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With certain exceptions, such laws could deviate from the Weimar Constitution. Leaving nothing to chance, the Nazis used the provisions of the Reichstag Fire Decree to arrest all 81 Communist deputies and keep several Social Democrats out of the chamber.

Hitler then obtained the necessary supermajority by persuading the Catholic Centre Party to vote with him with regard to the Reichskonkordat. The bill was passed on 23 March with 444 votes for and 94 against. Only the Social Democrats led by Otto Wels opposed the measure, which came into effect on 27 March.

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As it turned out, the atmosphere of that session was so intimidating that the measure would have still passed even if all Communist and Social Democratic deputies had been present and voting. The provisions of the bill turned the Hitler government into a de facto legal dictatorship.

Within four months, the other parties had been shuttered either by outright banning or Nazi terror, and Germany was firmly a one-party state. Although three more elections were held during the Nazi era, voters were presented with a single list of Nazis and guest candidates, and voting was not secret.