May 25,1943-The day that 6500Dutch Jews annoyed the Nazis.

500 Jews respond to the German appeal and register for departure to camp Westerbork. They wait for hours for the special train that will transport them from Muiderpoort Station,Amsterdam, to Westerbork.

Of the 7,000 Jews who had to report to the Polderweg in Amsterdan that day for deportation to Westerbork, only 500 appeared that day, much to the irritation of the Germans.

Because most of the 7,000 Jews did not heed the call, a raid follows the next day. The Jewish quarter in the center is being cordoned off and homes are searched for those who ignored the call

A month later, the Jewish quarter in the center was evacuated and the Jews were forced to move to Amsterdam-East and South. Another major raid follows on June 20, 1943, this time completely secretly prepared. The Jews are startled by the noise of loudspeaker cars. They must gather at Daniel Willinkplein, Sarphatipark or Olympiaplein.

5542 Jews are registered by the employees of the camp administration who came especially from Camp Westerbork. Then they take the tram to the Muiderpoort station. They are also forced to board the train to Camp Westerbork and in the following weeks they are deported from Westerbork to the extermination camps.

The normality of the picture above makes it actually quite disturbing.On Sunday morning, June 20, 1943, the Nazis s held large raids in Amsterdam East and South. Early in the morning, hundreds of Nazi policemen, members of the Voluntary Relief Police and a few dozen men from the Jewish Ordedienst(order service) from Westerbork assisted in the raid. Jews were ordered to gather,packed and bagged in nearby places. This photo was taken secretly from a house in the Uiterwaardenstraat. Two empty cups of tea stand on the windowsill. In front of the door on the corner of Lekstraat and Kinderdijkstraat, Jews are gathered with their luggage. Two neighbors across the street hang out of the window to watch the events as well.

After this raid, almost all Jews from Amsterdam disappeared. Only the members of the Jewish Council and their families are still in the city. But not for long. During the raid on September 29, 1943, they too were arrested and taken to Camp Westerbork together with the last remaining Jews. The Germans declare Amsterdam ‘Jew-free’.

Deportation of Jews by train from Muiderpoort station in Amsterdam. A German soldier with a rifle checks that everything is in ‘order’. Netherlands, summer 1943.

sources

https://www.oorlogsbronnen.nl/artikel/nsb-fotografen-leggen-jodenvervolging-vast

https://beeldbankwo2.nl/nl/beelden/detail/ff1516da-025a-11e7-904b-d89d6717b464/media/9f3ef422-a767-21ee-5c3f-459c091d6e02

https://www.oorlogsbronnen.nl/artikel/de-razzia-van-20-juni-1943-het-verhaal-achter-de-foto

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Donald Davids Murdered innocence

I always try to keep my emotions out of it when I write about the Holocaust, but I often fail. How could I not get emotional when I see a picture of a baby who was murdered.

Donald was born in Amsterdam, on 30 March 1941 .He was murdered in Sobibor, on 11 June 1943., aged 2.

His Father was Meindert Davids and his Mother was Alida Davids-Hoost.

Meindert Davids was born on 23 April 1911 in Rotterdam .He was the son of David Davids and Betje Godschalk. Meindert married Alida Hoost, on 3 July 1940 in Aamsterdam.Alida was born on 1 December 1917 in Amsterdam. She was the daughter of Godschalk Hoost and Leentje Beugeltas. The couple had one child, their pride and Joy Donald, who was born on 30 March 1941 in Amsterdam.

On 17 February 1943, Meindert, Alida and their baby boy Donald were deported from their house on the Waverstraat to concentration camp Vught. From the registration card of the Jewish Council archive of Meindert Davids, it shows that he has been transferred on 21 May 1943 from Vught to the Moerdijk Command, a satellite command of Vught, and subsequently to to Vught and then to Westerbork where he steyd in barrack 62. On 21 September Meindert was put on transport to Auschwitz.

Where he was immediately murdered in the gas chambers of Auschwitz-Birkenau, upon arrival on September 24,1943

Little Donald and his Mother were sent to Westerbork on the 7th of June 1943.

Donald Davids was deported to Sobibor, together with his mother on the 8th June 1943 with the so-called children’s transport.

There were about 3000 people on that transport. Below is the breakdown of the age groups.

Off the 3000 people, 2743 are murdered in Sobibor. 17 Others are murdered elsewhere

Donald Davids is murdered on June 11.1943 He reached the age of 2 years. Another 3000+ Dutch Jews were murdered in Sobibor that day.

sources

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/nl/page/156499/donald-davids

https://www.oorlogsbronnen.nl/tijdlijn/Donald-Davids/01/3831

https://www.oorlogsbronnen.nl/tijdlijn/Donald-Davids/01/3831

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The murder of Sophie van Tijn

Sophie is the girl on the left in the above picture. It would have been her 90th birthday today. She was born on March 16, 1932 in Amersfoort. She was transferred via Kamp Vught to Camp Westerbork on 23 May 1943. There were another 1172 people on that transport. 1171 Jewish Dutch citizens and one other, possibly a Roma or resistance fighter.

This is the age breakdown of that transport.

From Westerbork,Sophie and her family were deported to Sobibor on 8 June 1943 – with transport number 68. It was transport 68 from Westerbork but it was Transport 15 to Sobibor.
On June 8, 1943, the 15th train left from Westerbork to Sobibor. On this train, there were 3017 persons. It was the train of the notorious Children’s Transport. The lives of all 3017 men, women and children aboard this 15th transport, ended in Sobibor on the 11th of June, 1943. Sophie and her family included.

Sophie’s oldest sister was murdered on May 23.1943 in Sobibor. This was the same day when Sophie, her mother and the other siblings were sent to Westerbork from Vught.

Sophie’s Father ,Samuel, a coachman ,died on March 16,1942 at home after a short illness. He died on Sophie’s 10th birthday, 80 years ago today.

Her siblings:

Sister;Esther Reintje van Tijn-born in Amersfoort, 18 May 1926. Murdered in Sobibor, 28 May 1943. Reached the age of 17 years.

Sister; Isa van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 26 June 1929. Murdered in–Sobibor, 11 June 1943.Reached the age of 13 years.

Sister; Reintje van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 10 March 1928. Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943. Reached the age of 15 years.

Brother: Izak van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 1 November 1930. Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943. Reached the age of 12 years

Brother; Benjamin van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 10 February 1937.Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943.Reached the age of 6 years.

Brother; Salomon van Tijn-Born in Amersfoort, 13 September 1941.Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943.Reached the age of 1 year.

Mother;Roosje van Tijn-Gompers-Born in Gouda, 27 March 1905. Murdered in Sobibor, 11 June 1943. Occupation: Shop assistant. Reached the age of 38 years

All these murders are absolutely heartbreaking. It is only because it is Sophie’s birthday today I mentioned her in the title, but I could have put any of their names in the title.

It was only on May 17,1950 when Sophie’s death was officially registered.

a whole family wiped out, the most of them on one day, just because of some warped ideology.

sources

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/197033/sophie-van-tijn

https://www.sobibor.org/en/the-nineteen-transports/

https://www.openarch.nl/hua:FA6A1840-6B8C-4564-9A11-E0DF575D084E

https://www.oorlogsbronnen.nl/tijdlijn/Sophie-van-Tijn/01/1827?lang=nl

Nineteen trains Westerbork-Sobibor

In 1943, 19 trains left Westerbork for Sobibor. Over 34.000 men, women en children from The Netherlands made this journey. Not knowing where they would go, thinking they would be resettled. Most these people were all murdered within a five-month time span, after arriving in Sobibor. Only 18 people out of all these Dutch transports to Sobibor survived the war.

On March 2, 1943, the first train with 1105 people departed from Westerbork camp to Sobibor. After a journey of three days, the train arrived on March 5.

The last train that left Westerbork for Sobibor left Westerbork on Tuesday, July 20, 1943. This was transport 19. In the cattle cars, there were 2209 men, women and children. No survivors.

I am not able to tell the stories of all 34,000 victims, but I can tell the story of a few of them.

Catherina Veffer-Appelboom arrived in Westerbork on 23 February 1943 and stayed in barrack 55. The higher barracks served as transit barracks during this period. Catherina was one of those on the firs transport of the 2nd of March 1943. The journey took 3 days she was murdered on the 5th March in Sobibor. She was born in Amsterdam, on September 18, 1868. She was aged 74 when she was murdered

Her son Jonas would follow along with his wife and their youngest daughter: the three of them were part of the children’s transport from Vught. They were murdered in Sobibor on 11 June.
Catherina’s older sister, Rebecca, had already arrived in Westerbork on 25 January 1943 and was staying in barrack 84 . Their brother Gerrit arrived in Westerbork two days after Catherina was deported to Sobibor. A week later, together with his sister Rebecca, they were put on a transport to Sobibor, where they were murdered on March 13, 1943.

The 17th train that left for Sobibor left on Tuesday, July 6 from Westerbork. Aboard there were 2417 men, women and children. They were all murdered upon arrival in Sobibor on Friday, July 9.

One of them was 6 years old Lea Judith de la Penha, from Amsterdam.

Lea Judith de la Penha was the daughter of David de la Penha (Amsterdam, 12 August 1909) and Judith Rodrigues Parreira (Amsterdam, 27 September 1903). The family lived at Graaf Florisstraat 21 until 11 May 1943 and then until 6 July 1943 at Graaf Florisstraat 5-1
Lea’s Father, David, was a wall paperer and insurance agent by profession, and, according to the personal card of the city archives, also a stone printer. Her Mother, Judith, was a tailor.
Lea’s Father and mother were married in Amsterdam on August 8, 1934. In 1936 David and Judith had their first child, who was either stillborn or died soon after birth on April 5, 1936. This child was buried on April 6 at Beth Haim in Ouderkerk aan de Amstel.

Their daughter Lea was born on May 11, 1937.

David, Judith and Lea were arrested in 1943 and were deported from Westerbork to Sobibor on July 6th . There were 2,417 people on this transport.
On arrival on July 9th , 1943, all people from this transport were murdered almost immediately.

sources

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/95870455/lea-judith-de_la_penha

https://www.joodsmonument.nl/nl/page/166831/catherina-veffer-appelboom

Sgt.Roddie Edmonds- We are all Jews here.

Roddie Edmonds and many of his fellow US Army mates were captured by Nazi forces on 19 December 1944, during the battle of the Bulge . Some of them were sent to Stalag IX B Edmonds was the senior noncommissioned officer (Master Sergeant), and was therefore responsible for the camp’s 1,275 American POWs.

The men of the 422nd Regiment were forced to march about 50 kilometers to Gerolstein, Germany , there they were loaded into cattle/box cars, 60 to 70 men per car, with almost no food or water. The following 7 days and nights they traveling to Stalag IXB in Bad Orb. Where they arrived on Christmas day 1945,25December. After about a month in Bad Orb, the American POWs were divided into three groups – officers, non-commissioned officers (NCOs), and enlisted men. The NCOs were taken to Stalag IXA in Ziegenhain. There were 1,000 men in this group.

Om January 25,1945-2 days before Auschwitz was liberated by Soviet troops- they arrived in Stalag IX A, Ziegenheim

The camp commandant ordered Edmonds to tell only the Jewish-American soldiers to present themselves at the next morning’s assembly so they could be separated from the other prisoners. Instead, Edmonds ordered all 1,275 to assemble outside their barracks. The German commandant rushed up to Edmonds in a fury, placed his pistol against Edmonds’ head and demanded that he identify the Jewish soldiers under his command. Instead, Edmonds responded “We are all Jews here,” and threatened to have the commandant investigated and prosecuted for war crimes after the conflict ended, should any of Edmonds’ men be harmed.

Luckily the camp commandant had still a bit of common sense left and took the the threat serious. Many other would not have done that and would have executed all men.

Because of this brave stand against the Nazi tyranny, Sgt Edmonds saved 200 Jewish men. But it was more then 200 he saved. These men had children and grandchildren and even great grandchildren. So this number can be multiplied several times.

Roddie Edmonds a hero who rightly awarded the recognition as a Righteous among the people by Yad Vashem.

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Sources

Only 11

Helene

Helene Wegbrejt it is just a random name

She lived in Paris. She was French and Jewish.  Her birthday was September 16,1930. She would have been 89 today,but she didn’t even get to age 12. She was murdered in August 1942 in Auschwitz.

She was one of many on Transport 20 from Pithiviers to Auschwitz which left on August 17, 1942.

Helene Wegbrejt just a random name but not a random girl. She was a young lady who had a bright future ahead of her as an actress or teacher or just a mother and home maker but she was not allowed to become any of this.

Her murder may have seen random but it was not, It was a deliberate plan to erase a group of people who did not fit in the warped Nazi ideology.

Helene Wegbrejt was only 11 when she died.

Seeing this beautiful child all dressed up which such a pride in her expression and a lovely smile just breaks my heart, to think that she could have been considered a threat. It just sickens me to the core.

Paying to be transported to death.

 

tickets

Killing the Jews wasn’t enough for the Nazi regime. They also needed to be humiliated. and their deaths had to be profitable. Laws were introduced to remove them from any social interaction and then they were forcibly removed from their homes, with only one suitcase of possessions, all other valuables were sold or just taken by Nazi officials.

Then when they were put on transport to the concentration camps or death camps(in my opinion they were all death camps, some camps just killed more on an industrial scale) They even had to pay for the train tickets.

The majority of Jews were made to pay for their own deportations, especially wherever passenger carriages were used. The payments were done in a way  of direct money deposit to the SS in relation to  the “resettlement to work in the East” myth. Charged in the ghettos for accommodation, adult Jews paid full price one-way tickets, the Nazis knew there would not be any return tickets.  Children under 12 years of age paid half price, and those under four did not have to pay. The Jews who no money left were typically  the first to be deported.

passengers

The SS would forward the monies to the German transport authority , to be paid to the Reichsbahn to finance and accommodate further transports.

In 2009 an expert report established on behalf of the German “Train of Commemoration” project, estimates that the Reichsbahn pocketed a €445,000,000 or $462,000,000. between 1938 and 1945.

The Reichsbahn weren’t the only ones to profit. The Dutch and French railways and other European rail companies also made money from the transports.

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I am passionate about my site and I know you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the paypal link. Many thanks

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Sources

Click to access Gutachten.pdf

https://books.google.ie/books?id=IfoBx6skMCkC&redir_esc=y

 

107,000 people on 97 transports

Train

I am not a great fan of statistics because without the full story behind them, they can be manipulated and often they are.

However sometimes they can be useful to indicate a scale, In this the scale of death and destruction during the Holocaust.

Between July 15,1942 and 13 September 1944 107,000 Jews were deported  from Westerbork in the Netherlands to other camps in Europe, mainly eastern Europe and for the majority to the death camps.

107,000 people over 97 transports, which is an average of about 1,103 people per transport. Just think of that for a minute.

If you have come to terms with that number  , then leave this sink in 107,000 is only about 1.6% of the total numbers of Jews murdered.

train 1

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I am passionate about my site and I know you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the paypal link. Many thanks

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Sources

NIOD

 

Children

Children

The one thing I find hardest to come to terms with in relation to the Holocaust is the murder of the Children, in fact it is something I will never be able to comprehend.

I know that some people will say The Nazis did not select children  because they were children, but because they were , or rather their parents,part  of dangerous racial, biological, or political groups as per Nazi ideology. But I really do not give a f*ck about that. Excuse my language but I really get angry when people start to look for a reason behind the murder of innocent lives. There is only one reason, pure evil.

There will be people who will say that those involved in the killing were following orders and were afraid of their won lives, because if they did not carry out those orders they wold be killed themselves. But there is no evidence whatsoever that there were any punitive actions taken to those who refused to kill children or even adults.

Even if that had been the case. If I had been in their place, I would have let them kill me before I would even think of killing a child, in fact I probably would have fought back first and killed those who ordered the killing, for the simple reason that I am human being and every fiber of my humanity tells me murdering a child is wrong and takes away my humanity.

The picture at the top and the picture below are both pictures if children who were put on transport to death camps, for the sole reason to be murdered. What strike me about both pictures, it they were put in a non Holocaust context they could have been pictures of children going on a school trip. There is no chaos, they are walking in an orderly line , completely trusting the adults that accompany them.

Trnsport

I know tonight I will have nightmares and the pictures will haunt me, but that is a small price to pay.

 

 

Source

USHMM

 

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My Wonder Child.

Moshe

There is a beautiful Irish song written and composed by Jimmy Mccarthy, it is called “My Wonder Child”. This is just part of the song text.

“This child he means the world to me
There is no more enchanted
A child can take this place of ruin
And magically enhance it”

This really applies to every child ever born. They are a wonder , a miracle. That’s why it is just so unfathomable there were those who felt compelled to destroy at least 1.5 million of these miracles. I can’t comprehend the evil behind it nor do I want to. It would and does sicken me to the core and touches my soul like nothing else does.

One of these 1.5 million + children was Moshe Tov Ihie Goldberger . He was born in Bratislava , the current capital of Slovakia. in 1940. The exact date is unknown.

He died in 1942 on transport #49 to either Sobibor or Auschwitz from Zilina,Trencin,Slovakia,Czechoslov.

Dear Moshe I want to cry and never stop crying but that doesn’t help me nor does it help you. I would love to hold you, embrace you and tell you everything will be fine, but I can’t.

I am convinced though that you are out there somewhere , as an angel, a real wonder child. Please know you are not forgotten.

 

Source

Yad Vashem