The Bosman ruling.

Bosman

Since we are getting close to the UEFA Champions league finals , it os a good time to look back at one player who has had a major impact on European and indeed world football.

But ironically this player never played in any of the Champions league finals, he didn’t even get close. However the actions of this player had a great consequence to one of the potential finalists this year, AJAX FC.

Ajax last won the champion ship in 1995 when they beat AC Milan 1-0 on the 24th of May.

cup

In that same year 1995 ,10 days before Christmas a player  for RFC Liège in the Belgian First Division in Belgium.Jean-Marc Bosman left the courts with an early Christmas present.

Jean-Marc Bosman whose contract had expired in 1990, wanted to change teams and move to Dunkerque, a French club. However, Dunkerque declined  to meet Bosman’s Belgian club’s transfer fee demand, so Liège refused to release Bosman.

In the meantime, Bosman’s wages were reduced as he was no longer a first-team player.He took his case to the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg and sued for restraint of trade, citing FIFA’s rules regarding football, specifically Article 17.

On 15 December 1995, the court ruled the system, as it was constituted, placed a restriction on the free movement of workers.

This ruling meant Bosman and every other EU footballer were free to negotiate deals to any other EU based team after their current contracts expired, they were also allowed to sign pre-contract deals with other clubs if they had six months remaining on their current deals. This ruling also stopped UEFA imposing quotas on how many foreign players are allowed to play in a team at any one time. At the time UEFA were imposing a quota on their European Cup competitions that only allowed three non nationals in a team on match days. However these quotas were not fully outlawed, it could not be used to restrict the amount of non EU players on a match day team.

uefa

Although this ruling may look to be have been good news for players it did have unintended consequences for the smaller footballing nations.

Big UEFA member associations like the England,Germany,Spain, Italy and France who had and still have substantial financial means were able to offer massive salaries to players. And therefore attracted many of the talented players from  the smaller,or less well of associations and leaving clubs who used to be very successful on the European stage with often depleted teams. Teams like Ajax who have a well establshed academy lost a lot of their trained pupils to the bigger teams.

It had taken Ajax 24 years to get back to the top of European football.

The salaries of some of the players are beyond believe and it will only be a matter of time before it comes unsustainable to continue paying players the amounts they get played now.

As for Jean-Marc Bosman himself, his life did not come up roses either.Despite receiving a £312,000 compensation package in 1998, he has since struggled with an alcohol addiction, as well as depression.

In 2013 he was sentenced to a one-year prison sentence for domestic abuse. As of 2015, Bosman was unemployed and relying on handouts from FIFPro ,the worldwide representative organisation for 65,000 professional footballers.

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Sources

https://www.lawteacher.net/free-law-essays/sports-law/the-bosman-ruling.php

https://betting.betfair.com/football/this-week-in-football-history/this-week-in-football-history-the-birth-of-the-bosman-ruling-and-boros-no-show-151214-723.html

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/12050567/Jean-Marc-Bosman-20-years-on-He-paid-a-heavy-price-for-beating-the-system-now-he-wants-to-end-it-for-good.html

Sjaak Swart-The football legend that nearly didn’t happen.

Swart

For the size of the country it is astonishing how many football greats come from the Netherlands.

Names like Johann Cruijff,Johan Nesskens,Ruud Gullit,Marco van Basten and Arjen Robben to name but a few, but the name Sjaak Swart certainly belongs in that list. Sjaak (Sjakie) Swart was pivotal to the successes of Ajax in  1971 to 1973  the 2 consecutive years when they won the European Cup.

For his 31 caps for the Dutch National team he scored 10 goals.

However the legendary midfielder nearly never kicked a ball, leave alone score goals and win cups.

ajax

Born in in the small fishing village of Muiderberg some 20 kilometres east of Amsterdam in 1938 as Jesaia Swart , the son of a Jewish Fisherman.

His father and he were forced to disguise themselves as non-Jews during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands from 1940 to 1945, hiding from the prying eyes of both Germans and Dutch collaborators, who rounded up any Jewish men, women and children in the country. Living a life comparable to a nightmare , fearing every knock at the the door Sjaak and his father managed to survive the war and the extermination of nearly 75 per cent of the Jewish population of the Netherlands.

The siblings of Louis Swart,Sjaak’s father, all died Louis would never have anymore children because as part of escaping the Nazis he had himself sterilized.

Not much is known about Sjaak’s mother ,all that I discovered it that she lived long enough to hand Sjaak his first Ajax jersey,she died of cancer in 1948. The gift of that jersey by his mother sealed his life long loyalty to the club.

Swart, joined the Ajax academy in 1949.He is still involved in Football today, aged 80.

What I find amazing about this is that although I am a big fan of the men in Orange, the Dutch National team, I never knew that Sjakie Swart was Jewish and had survived the horrors and a most certain death if he had been caught.

It is also an indication that the Holocaust is still in the living memory of so many.

Donation

I am passionate about my site and I know a you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the paypal link. Many thanks

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Sources

Voetbal International

niw.nl

AFC Ajax