Hans Asperger-Highly regarded physician who ruthlessly send children to death.

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First do no harm is a key element of the Hippocratic oath, the oath physicians take. However during WWII and before it many physicians working for or with the Nazi regime were happy to forget that oath.

And not all of them were actually members of the Nazi party, as was Dr Hans Asperger an Austrian Doctor.He is best known for his early studies on mental disorders, especially in children,and especially children with Autism.

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He was a pioneer in autism research whose name is used to describe high-functioning people with the disorder, referred to as Asperger syndrome, had a previously unknown dark past that included sending children with disabilities to a “euthanasia” program run by the Nazi regime, according to new investigations into his long-lost files.

In a questionnaire from October 1940, Hans Asperger registered several memberships in organizations affiliated with the Nazi Party.However, he did not join the Nazi party itself.

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Herwig Czech, from Vienna’s Medical University, has reported in an academic paper published in the open access journal Molecular Autism, following eight years of research into the paediatrician Hans Asperger.

It has been revealed that Asperger  was not the  courageous defender of his patients against “euthanasia” by the Nazis, as many had thought. In fact it was far from it, he benefited from his cooperation with the regime and “publicly legitimized race hygiene policies, including forced sterilizations,” according to a study published online  on April 19 2018 in the journal Molecular Autism.

Asperger was a scientist who allied himself so closely with the Nazi ideology that he regularly referred children to the Am Spiegelgrund clinic, which was set up as a collecting point for children who failed to conform to the regime’s criteria of “worthy to live”.Nearly 800 children died at the clinic between 1940 and 1945, many of whom were murdered under the notorious child “euthanasia” scheme.am-spiegelgrund-children-in-cribs

Hundreds were either drugged or gassed to death from 1940 to 1945.Even the children authorised for “treatment” were not killed immediately as a rule, but were used, sometimes for months, in scientific research.

Among Czech’s findings is a photo of the distraught face of Herta Schreiber, who suffered from encephalitis and died of pneumonia three months after her admittance to Spiegelgrund, on Asperger’s orders, a day after her third birthday.She had suffered from encephalitis.Encephalitis is a swelling of the brain and can be caused by infection or an allergic reaction.Assessed in late June 1941, the young girl suffered from ‘severe personality disorder’, ‘idiocy’ and ‘seizures’.

Asperger added that she ‘must be an unbearable burden to her mother’ and then recommended permanent placement at Spiegelgrund.

Herta was admitted to Spiegelgrund on 1 July 1941.

Hans Asperger, National Socialism, and “race hygiene” in Nazi-era Vienna

On 8 August, she was reported to the ‘Reich Committee for the Scientific Registration of Serious Hereditary and Congenital Illnesses’, the secret organisation behind child ‘euthanasia.’With zero chance of recovery and no shortened life expectancy, she was recommended for the program and the euthanasia ‘experts’ viewed this as an unacceptable combination.On 2 September, a day after her third birthday, Herta died of ‘pneumonia’, the most common cause of death at Spiegelgrund. A specimen of her brain was found in a preparation jar in the basement of the clinic in the 1990s and buried in 2002.

There was no evidence that Asperger deliberately targeted for euthanasia the patients with distinct psychological characteristics he had called “autistic psychopaths”, under the diagnosis for which he became famous, said Czech. But his diagnoses proved burdensome for many of his patients, even years after the collapse of the Nazi regime. Asperger continued working as a doctor for more than three decades.

The term Asperger syndrome first came up in London in 1981, by Dr Lorna Wing, , She and  other scientists,clinicians, and  the broader autism community, were unaware of Hans Asperger’s close alliance with, and support of, the Nazi programme of compulsory sterilisation and euthanasia.

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This of course does not reflect in any way,shape or form on those who are diagnosed with Asperger syndrome, but I do believe we should start looking more critical at the work of ‘scientists’ of the Nazi era.

(Hans Asperger (front row, right) with his medical colleagues in Vienna in 1933. Photograph: Medical University of Vienna/Josephinum)2013

 

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Sources

Livescience

The Guardian

Biomedcentral

 

 

 

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Jan Ingenhousz-Scientist

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This blog is about one of the best known scientists in the history of the world,Jan Ingenhousz.

Jan Ingenhousz or Ingen-Housz  (8 December 1730 – 7 September 1799) was a Dutch physiologist, biologist and chemist.

He is best known for discovering photosynthesis by showing that light is essential to the process by which green plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. He also discovered that plants, like animals, have cellular respiration.In his lifetime he was known for successfully inoculating the members of the Habsburg family in Vienna against smallpox in 1768 and subsequently being the private counsellor and personal physician to the Austrian Empress Maria Theresa.

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Okay, lets be fair. He actually wasn’t a well known scientist at all and most of you(including me) probably only saw his name for the first time today, either because of this blog or more likely because Google reminded us of his Birthday today.

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Photosynthesis is so essential to life on this planet that it’s easy to forget we didn’t even know about it 250 years ago.

The process of plants converting water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen, using light as a catalyst, was first discovered by Dutch scientist Jan Ingenhousz in 1779.

Ingenhousz began studying medicine at the age of 16, and spent the first part of his career developing a vaccination for smallpox.

In the 1760s he travelled to London and on to Hertfordshire, where he immunised 700 village people in a successful effort to combat an epidemic.

This involved the fairly gruesome process of pricking the skin with a needle that had been dipped into the pus of an infected person’s wound.It worked, however, and after word of Ingenhousz’s success spread, he was invited by the Austrian Empress Maria Theresa to inoculate her entire family.

Over the years, he turned his attention to other scientific pursuits including energy generation, particle motion and gaseous exchange in plants.

Alhough it was already known that plants produced and absorbed gases, it was Ingenhousz who first noticed that oxygen was produced by leaves in sunlight, and carbon dioxide produced in darkness.

This demonstrated that some of the mass of plants comes from the air, and not only the water and nutrients in the soil.

He published his findings in 1779, significantly influencing further research on plant life in the centuries to follow.

Today’s Google doodle focuses on Ingenhousz’s lasting contributions to our understanding of the natural world, on what would have been his 287th birthday.

He died September 7, 1799, Bowood, Wiltshire, England.

Jan-Ingenhousz

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Wolfram Sievers-MD of Sick scientists

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Wolfram Sievers was the Reich Manager of the Ancestral Heritage Society (“Ahnenerbe”) and Director of its Institute for Military Scientific Research (Institut fuer Wehrwissenschaftliche Zweckforschung)

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In order to understand how sick and twisted this man and his colleagues were I will demonstrate this not by horrific images but by a letter he send to another ‘sceintist’ Dr Brandt. The letter was used in the trial against Wolfram Sievers during the Doctors’ Trial at Nuremberg following the end of World War II(the picture below shows his ‘comrade’ Dr Barndt, during the trial)

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“Subject: Securing of skulls of Jewish-Bolshevik commissars for the purpose of scientific research at the Reich University, Strassburg.

We have a nearly complete collection of skulls of all races and peoples at our disposal. Of the Jewish race, however, only very few specimens of skulls are available, with the result that it is impossible to arrive at precise conclusions from examining them. The war in the east now presents us with the opportunity to overcome this deficiency. By procuring the skulls of the Jewish- Bolshevik commissars, who represent the prototype of the repulsive but characteristic subhuman, we have the chance now to compile good, scientific documents.

The best practical method for obtaining and collecting this skull material could be handled by directing the Wehrmacht to turn over alive all captured Jewish- Bolshevik commissars to the Field Police. They, in turn, are to be given special directives to inform a certain office at regular intervals of the numbers and place of detention of these captured Jews and to give them close attention and care until a special delegate arrives. This special delegate, who will be in charge of securing the material (a junior physician of the Wehrmacht or even the Field Police or a student of medicine equipped with a motor car and driver), will be required to take a previously established series of photographs, make anthropological measurements and, in addition, determine as far as possible other personal data of the prisoners.

Following the subsequently induced death of the Jew, whose head should not be damaged, the physician will separate the head from the body and will forward it to its proper point of destination in an hermetically sealed tin can, especially made for this purpose and filled with a conserving fluid. Having arrived at the laboratory, the comparison tests and anatomical research on the skull, as well as determination of the race membership and of pathological features of the skull form, the form and size of the brain, etc., can proceed by means of photos, measurements and other data supplied on the head, and the skull itself.”

That was the report which you forwarded to Brandt?

A. Yes, that was the report of Professor Hirt.”

 

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It was Hirt who mainly carried out the ‘collecting’ but it was Sievers who was his direct superior and it was his wish to have a collection after the war of a extinct race.

Sievers was sentenced to death on 20 August 1947 for crimes against humanity, and hanged on 2 June 1948, at Landsberg prison in Bavaria.

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I am passionate about my site and I know a you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks

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