Remembering MH17

mh17

The world appears to have forgotten and the promises of justice have faded.

But I pledged I will remember you until justice is found. I am honoring this pledge.

298 a number that we always will remember
298 lives that have been lost
298 of friends and family members.
298 souls eternally loved

298 ambitions and dreams cut short
298 innocent moments in time
298 families that need our support
298 victims of 1 brutal crime

298 new stars in the sky
298 reasons to pray
298 tears to cry
298 respects to pay.

mh 17 hearses

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Judenfrei-Free of Jews: At least 2 executions a man per day.

Frei

I am always amazed by the fact that there are still people who desperately want to deny the Holocaust. Although there is so much evident and a lot of it very graphic, they still say it never happened and that the photographic evidence are staged pictures, produced by the allies.

The one thing they do forget is the evidence produced by the Nazi’s themselves. The Nazis kept records of nearly everything they did, in fact they insisted in getting this done pright. Some used the records to impress their superiors. Reports like the Jaeger and the Stahlecker reports proved extremely valuable during the Nuremberg trials.

nuremberg

Franz Walter Stahlecker  was commander of the SS  for the Reichskommissariat Ostland (the civilian occupation regime in the Baltic states-Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania-, the northeastern part of Poland and the west part of  Belarus).in 1941–42.

On October 16 1941, Stahlecker submitted a report documenting the murder of over 220,000 Jewish men,women and children between  June 22 and October 15, 1941,by Einsatzgruppe A.

report

The map at the start of this blog was included in the report, it gives the breakdown of the deaths per country, the deaths are illustrated as coffins. The total number on the map is just over 218,000 so I don’t know if the map was complete before he finished his report or if there are discrepancies, either way the numbers are massive On top of the map it says “Judenfrei” meaning free of Jews.

Most of these killings would have been done via executions. The einsatzgruppen varied from 500-1000 men, so if you take the higher number of 1000 that would come down to more then 220 executions per man, or close to 2 executions, per man a day.

But if you take that massive number of 220,000 it still only represents about 3.5 % of all Jews killed during the Holocaust.

Stahlecker was killed in action on 23 March 1942, by Soviet partisans near  Krasnogvardeysk, Russia.

Stahlbecker

 

 

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Flight MH17-Never forget.

MH17

Today marks the 4th anniversary of the killing of 298 passengers of flight MH17. Four years on and still no one is brought to justice. The contrary is true, some of those responsible. and this includes those who are complacent and are vetoing part of the investigation, are being wined and dined and are even hailed as great men.

Each passing day where justice isn’t served we are betraying the 298 victims.

Each time we are watering down this crime by calling it an accident or a crash, we are betraying the victims.

I know people will become emotional about this, but we can not forget until justice is served.

Passengers

No NAME    NATIONALITY                   GENDER
1 ALDER/JOHNMR UNITED KINGDOM M
2 ALLEN/CHRISTOPHERMR NETHERLANDS M
3 ALLEN/IANMSTR NETHERLANDS M
4 ALLEN/JOHNMR UNITED KINGDOM M
5 ALLEN/JULIANMR NETHERLANDS M
6 ANDERSON/STEPHEN LESLIE MR UNITED KINGDOM M
7 ANGHEL/ANDRE MR CANADA M
8 ANTHONYSAMY/MABEL MS MALAYSIA F
9 AVNON/ITHAMARMR NETHERLANDS M
10 AYLEY/ROBERTMR UNITED KINGDOM M
11 BAAY/JOYCEMRS NETHERLANDS F
12 BAKER/THERESA MRS AUSTRALIA F
13 BAKER/WAYNE MR AUSTRALIA M
14 BAKKER/WILLEMMR NETHERLANDS M
15 BATS/ROWENMR NETHERLANDS M
16 BELL/EMMA MISS AUSTRALIA F
17 BINDA/NATASHJA MRS NETHERLANDS F
18 BINTAMBI/MUHAMMAD AFRUZ MR MALAYSIA M
19 BINTAMBI/MUHAMMAD AFZAL MR MALAYSIA M
20 BINTITAMBI/MARSHA AZMEENA MS MALAYSIA F
21 BORGSTEEDE/HELEN MS NETHERLANDS F
22 BRAS/CATHARINAMRS NETHERLANDS F
23 BROGHAMMER/WILHELMINALOUISEMRS GERMAN F
24 BROUWER/THERESE MRS NETHERLANDS F
25 BROUWERS/ELISABETHMRS NETHERLANDS F
26 CAMFFERMAN/ANTON MR NETHERLANDS M
27 CHARDOME/BENOITMR BELGIUM M
28 CLANCY/CAROLMRS AUSTRALIA F
29 CLANCY/MICHAELMR AUSTRALIA M
30 CROLLA/REGISMR NETHERLANDS M
31 CUIJPERS/EDITHMRS NETHERLANDS F
32 DALSTRA/AUKEMR NETHERLANDS M
33 DALZIEL/CAMERON MR UNITED KINGDOM M
34 DANG/MINHCHAUMRS NETHERLANDS F
35 DANG/QUOCDUYMR NETHERLANDS M
36 DAVISON/FRANCESCAMRS AUSTRALIA F

STOET

37 DAVISON/LIAMMR AUSTRALIA M
38 DEBORST/ELSEMIEKMRS NETHERLANDS F
39 DEBRUIN/BARBARAMARIAMRS NETHERLANDS F
40 DEHAAN/JOHANNAMRS NETHERLANDS F
41 DEJONG/ANNETJEMRS NETHERLANDS F
42 DEKUIJER/PIM WILHELM MR NETHERLANDS M
43 DELEEUW/SASKIA MRS NETHERLANDS F
44 DERDEN/LILIANEMS AUSTRALIA F
45 DERIDDER/ESTHERMRS NETHERLANDS F
46 DEROO/JOOPALBERTMR NETHERLANDS M
47 DESADELEER/CHRISTIENE MRS NETHERLANDS F
48 DESCHUTTER/MARIAADRIANAMRS NETHERLANDS F
49 DEVOS/MAARTEN MR NETHERLANDS M
50 DEVRIES/AAFKEMRS NETHERLANDS F
51 DEWA/SHALIZA ZAINI MS MALAYSIA F
52 DEWAAL/ESTHER MRS NETHERLANDS F
53 DJODIKROMO/DONNY TOEKIRAN MR NETHERLANDS M
54 DYCZYNSKI/FATIMA MISS GERMAN F
55 ENGELS/LISANNE LAURA MISS NETHERLANDS F
56 ERNST/TAMARA MS NETHERLANDS F
57 ESSERS/EMMAMRS NETHERLANDS F
58 ESSERS/PETERMR NETHERLANDS M
59 ESSERS/VALENTIJNMR NETHERLANDS M
60 FAN/SHUN PO MR NETHERLANDS M
61 FOO/MING LEE MR MALAYSIA M
62 FREDRIKSZ/BRYCEMR NETHERLANDS M
63 GAZALEE/ARIZA BINTI MS MALAYSIA F
64 GIANOTTEN/ANGELIQUEMRS NETHERLANDS F
65 GOES/KAELAMAYAJAY MSTR MALAYSIA M
66 GOES/PAUL MR NETHERLANDS M
67 GRIPPELING/MARCO MR NETHERLANDS M
68 GROOTSCHOLTEN/WILHELMUS MR NETHERLANDS M
69 GUARD/JILLHELENMRS AUSTRALIA F
70 GUARD/ROGERWATSONDR AUSTRALIA M
71 GUNAWAN/DARRYL MR PHILIPPINES M
72 GUNAWAN/HADIONO MR INDONESIA M
73 GUNAWAN/IRENE MRS PHILIPPINES F
74 GUNAWAN/SHERRYL MS PHILIPPINES F

bodies

75 HAKSE/ANNEMIEKEMRS NETHERLANDS F
76 HALLY/DAVY JOSEPH GERARDUS MA NETHERLANDS M
77 HALLY/MEGAN NETHERLANDS F
78 HASTINI/YULI MRS INDONESIA F
79 HEEMSKERK/GEERTRUIDA MRS NETHERLANDS F
80 HEERKENS/LIDWINAMRS NETHERLANDS F
81 HEMELRIJK/ROBINMR NETHERLANDS M
82 HENDRY/MR INDONESIA M
83 HIJMANS/SUSAN MRS NETHERLANDS F
84 HOARE/ANDREWMR UNITED KINGDOM M
85 HOARE/FRISOMR NETHERLANDS M
86 HOARE/JASPERMR NETHERLANDS M
87 HOONAKKER/KATHARINAMRS NETHERLANDS F
88 HORDER/HOWARD MR AUSTRALIA M
89 HORDER/SUSAN MRS AUSTRALIA F
90 HORNIKX/ASTRID MRS NETHERLANDS F
91 HUIJBERS/PIETER JAN WILLEM NETHERLANDS M
92 HUIZEN/ARNOUD MR NETHERLANDS M
93 HUIZEN/YELENA/CLARICE MSTR INDONESIA F
94 HUNTJENS/MARIAMRS NETHERLANDS F
95 IOPPA/OLGA MRS GERMAN F
96 JANSSEN/CORNELIA MRS NETHERLANDS F
97 JESURUN/KEVIN MR NETHERLANDS M
98 JHINKOE/RISHI MR NETHERLANDS M
99 JIEE/TAMBI BIN MR MALAYSIA M
100 JRETNAM/SUBASHNI MRS MALAYSIA F
101 KAMSMA/MATTHEUSMR NETHERLANDS M
102 KAMSMA/QIUMSTR NETHERLANDS M
103 KAPPEN/YVONNE MRS NETHERLANDS F
104 KARDIA/VICKILINE KURNIATI MRS INDONESIA F
105 KARNAILSINGH/KARAMJITSINGHMR MALAYSIA M
106 KEIJZER/KARLIJNMRS NETHERLANDS F
107 KOOIJMANS/BARRYMR NETHERLANDS M
108 KOOIJMANS/ISAMISS NETHERLANDS F
109 KOOIJMANS/MIRAMRS NETHERLANDS F
110 KOTTE/OSCAR MR NETHERLANDS M
111 KOTTE/REMCO MR NETHERLANDS M
112 KROON/HENDRIKROKUSMR NETHERLANDS M

COFFINS

113 LAHAYE/JOHANNESMR NETHERLANDS M
114 LAHENDA/GERDA LELIANA MS INDONESIA F
115 LAMBREGTS/HUBERTUS MR NETHERLANDS M
116 LANGE/JOSEPH MR NETHERLANDS M
117 LAUSCHET/GABRIELEMS GERMAN F
118 LEE/JIANHANBENJAMIN MSTR MALAYSIA M
119 LEE/KIAH YEEN MS MALAYSIA F
120 LEE/MONA CHENG SIM MRS AUSTRALIA F
121 LEE/WHY KEONG MR AUSTRALIA M
122 LIEW/YAU CHEE MR MALAYSIA M
123 LOH/YANHWA MRS NETHERLANDS F
124 MAAS/HENRICUSMR NETHERLANDS M
125 MAHADY/EDELMRS AUSTRALIA F
126 MAHLER/EMIEL MR NETHERLANDS M
127 MARCKELBACH/LISA MRS NETHERLANDS F
128 MARTENS/ELIZABETHMRS NETHERLANDS F
129 MARTENS/SANDRAMRS NETHERLANDS F
130 MASLIN/EVIE COCO ANNE MISS AUSTRALIA F
131 MASLIN/MO ROBERT ANDERSON MR AUSTRALIA M
132 MASLIN/OTIS SAMUEL FREDERICK MSTR AUSTRALIA M
133 MASTENBROEK/TINA PAULINE MRS NETHERLANDS F
134 MAYNE/RICHARDMR UNITED KINGDOM M
135 MDSALIM/MOHDALIBIN MR MALAYSIA M
136 MEIJER/INGRID MRS NETHERLANDS F
137 MEIJER/SASCHAMRS NETHERLANDS F
138 MENKE/GERARDUS MR NETHERLANDS M
139 MENKE/MARY MRS NEW ZEALAND F
140 MEULEMAN/HANNAH SOPHIA NETHERLANDS F
141 MISRAN/ANELENE ROSTIJEM MS NETHERLANDS F
142 MOORS/AUGUSTINUSMR NETHERLANDS M
143 MULA/MELINGANAK MALAYSIA M
144 NELISSEN/JOHANNAMRS NETHERLANDS F
145 NG/LYETIELISABETH MS MALAYSIA F
146 NG/QINGZHENGMR MALAYSIA M
147 NG/SHIING MRS MALAYSIA F
148 NGUYEN/NGOCMINHMRS NETHERLANDS F
149 NIEBURG/TIMMR NETHERLANDS M
150 NIEVEEN/DAFNEMRS NETHERLANDS F

lasr

 

151 NIEWOLD/TALLANDERFRANCISCUS MR NETHERLANDS M
152 NOOR/RAHIMMAH MRS MALAYSIA F
153 NOREILDE/JANMR BELGIUM M
154 NOREILDE/STEVENMR BELGIUM M
155 NORRIS/NICOLL CHARLES ANDERSON MR AUSTRALIA M
156 NUESINK/JOLETTEMRS NETHERLANDS F
157 OBRIEN/JACKSAMUEL MR AUSTRALIA M
158 OEHLERS/DAISYMRS NETHERLANDS F
159 ORESHKIN/VICTORMR AUSTRALIA M
160 OTTOCHIAN/JULIANMSTR NETHERLANDS M
161 OTTOCHIAN/SERGIOMR NETHERLANDS M
162 PALM/LUBBERTAMRS NETHERLANDS F
163 PANDUWINATA/MIGUEL G MSTR NETHERLANDS M
164 PANDUWINATA/SHAKA T MR NETHERLANDS M
165 PARLAN/HASNI HARDI BIN MR MALAYSIA M
166 PAULISSEN/JOHNNY MR NETHERLANDS M
167 PAULISSEN/MARTIN MR NETHERLANDS M
168 PAULISSEN/SRI MISS NETHERLANDS F
169 PIJNENBURG/SJORS ADRIANUS MR NETHERLANDS M
170 PLOEG/ALEXMR NETHERLANDS M
171 PLOEG/ROBERTMR NETHERLANDS M
172 POCOCK/BENJAMINMR UNITED KINGDOM M
173 PUNJABI/KAUSHALYA JAIRAMDAS DATIN MALAYSIA F
174 RAAP/HIELKJE MS NETHERLANDS F
175 RENKERS/JEROENMR NETHERLANDS M
176 RENKERS/TIMMR NETHERLANDS M
177 RISAH/DAISY MRS NETHERLANDS F
178 RIZK/ALBERT MR AUSTRALIA M
179 RIZK/MAREE MRS AUSTRALIA F
180 RUIJTER/CATHARINAMRS NETHERLANDS F
181 RYDER/ARJEN MR AUSTRALIA M
182 RYDER/YVONNE MRS AUSTRALIA F
183 SCHANSMAN/QUINNMR NETHERLANDS M
184 SCHILDER/CORNELIS MR NETHERLANDS M
185 SCHUYESMANS/RIK MR BELGIUM M
186 SIDELIK/HELENAMS AUSTRALIA F
187 SITIAMIRAH/BINTIPARAWIRA MRS MALAYSIA F
188 SIVAGNANAM/MATTHEW EZEKIAL MASTER MALAYSIA M

malaysian

189 SIVAGNANAM/PAUL RAJASINGAM MR MALAYSIA M
190 SLOK/GARYMR NETHERLANDS M
191 SMALLENBURG/CARLIJN MRS NETHERLANDS F
192 SMALLENBURG/CHARLES MR NETHERLANDS M
193 SMALLENBURG/WERTHER MSTR NETHERLANDS M
194 SMOLDERS/MARIA MRS NETHERLANDS F
195 SOETJIPTO/JANE M ADI MRS INDONESIA F
196 SOUREN/PETERMR NETHERLANDS M
197 SPECKEN/REINMARMR NETHERLANDS M
198 STUIVER/CORNELIA MRS NETHERLANDS F
199 SUJANA/WAYANMR INDONESIA M
200 SUPARTINI/MRS INDONESIA F
201 SWEENEY/LIAMMR UNITED KINGDOM M
202 TAMBI/MUHAMMAD AFIF BIN MR MALAYSIA M
203 TAMTELAHITU/CHARLESELIZADAVIDMR NETHERLANDS M
204 TAN/SIEW POH MDM MALAYSIA F
205 TEOH/ELAINE MISS MALAYSIA F
206 THEISTIASIH/YODRICUNDA MRS INDONESIA F
207 THOMAS/GLENNRAYMONDMR UNITED KINGDOM M
208 TIERNAN/MARY MS AUSTRALIA F
209 TIMMERS/GERARDUSMR NETHERLANDS M
210 TOL/CORNELIA MRS NETHERLANDS F
211 TOURNIER/HENDRIKJANMR NETHERLANDS M
212 TRUGG/LIV MISS NETHERLANDS F
213 TRUGG/REMCO MR NETHERLANDS M
214 TRUGG/TESS MISS NETHERLANDS F
215 UIJTERLINDE/THAMSANQA MR NETHERLANDS M
216 VANDEKRAATS/LORENZOMR NETHERLANDS M
217 VANDEKRAATS/ROBERTJANMR NETHERLANDS M
218 VANDEMORTEL/JEROENMR NETHERLANDS M
219 VANDEMORTEL/MILIAMISS NETHERLANDS F
220 VANDENHENDE/JOHANNES RUDOLFUS MR NETHERLANDS M
221 VANDENHENDE/MARGAUX LARISSA MSTR NETHERLANDS F
222 VANDENHENDE/MARNIX REDUAN MR NETHERLANDS M
223 VANDENHENDE/PIERS ADNAN MR NETHERLANDS M
224VANDENSCHOOR/CHRISTINA ANNA ELISA MS NETHERLANDS F
225 VANDERGRAAFF/LAURENSMR NETHERLANDS M

stoet 2

226 VANDERLEIJ/JENNIFERMRS NETHERLANDS F
227 VANDERLINDE/MARKMR NETHERLANDS M
228 VANDERLINDE/MERELMRS NETHERLANDS F
229 VANDERLINDE/ROBERTMR NETHERLANDS M
230 VANDERMEER/BENTE MISS NETHERLANDS F
231 VANDERMEER/FLEUR MISS NETHERLANDS F
232 VANDERMEER/SOPHIE MRS NETHERLANDS F
233 VANDERPOEL/ERICUS MR NETHERLANDS M
234 VANDERSANDE/PAULUS MR NETHERLANDS M
235 VANDERSANDE/STEVEN MR NETHERLANDS M
236 VANDERSANDE/TESSA MRS NETHERLANDS F
237 VANDERSAR/INGE MRS NETHERLANDS F
238 VANDERSTEEN/JANMR NETHERLANDS M
239 VANDERWEIDE/FRANK MR NETHERLANDS M
240 VANDOORN/APRILMRS NETHERLANDS F
241 VANDOORN/CAROLINEMRS NETHERLANDS F
242 VANDUIJN/GIJSBERT MR NETHERLANDS M
243 VANELDIJK/PETRONELLAMRS NETHERLANDS F
244 VANGEENE/RENE MR NETHERLANDS M
245 VANHEIJNINGEN/ERIK PETER MR NETHERLANDS M
246 VANHEIJNINGEN/ZEGER LEONARD MR NETHERLANDS M
247 VANKEULEN/ALLARDMR NETHERLANDS M
248 VANKEULEN/JEROENMR NETHERLANDS M
249 VANKEULEN/ROBERTMR NETHERLANDS M
250 VANLANGEVELD/PETRAMRS NETHERLANDS F
251 VANLUIK/KLAAS WILLEM MR NETHERLANDS M
252 VANMENS/LUCIEPAULAMARIAMS NETHERLANDS F
253VANMUIJLWIJK/ADINDA LARASATI PUTRI MS NETHERLANDS F
254 VANMUIJLWIJK/EMILE MR NETHERLANDS M
255 VANNIELEN/STEFAN F W MR NETHERLANDS M
256 VANTONGEREN/JACQUELINE MRS NETHERLANDS F
257 VANVELDHUIZEN/ANTHONIUS MR NETHERLANDS M
258 VANVELDHUIZEN/PIJKE MSTR NETHERLANDS M
259 VANVELDHUIZEN/QUINT MSTR NETHERLANDS M
260 VANVREESWIJK/HUUBMR NETHERLANDS M
261 VANWIGGEN/WINNEKEMRS NETHERLANDS F
262 VANZIJTVELD/FREDERIQUEMRS NETHERLANDS F

hearse

263 VANZIJTVELD/ROBERTJANMR NETHERLANDS M
264 VERHAEGH/KIM ELISA PETRONELLA NETHERLANDS F
265 VERMEULEN/MARIEMRS NETHERLANDS F
266 VLEESENBEEK/ERIKMR NETHERLANDS M
267 VOORHAM/CORNELIAMRS NETHERLANDS F
268 VORSSELMAN/WOUTER MR NETHERLANDS M
269 VRANCKX/ELINE MRS NETHERLANDS F
270 WAGEMANS/HENDRIK MR NETHERLANDS M
271 WALS/AMELMRS NETHERLANDS F
272 WALS/BRETTMR NETHERLANDS M
273 WALS/JEROENMR NETHERLANDS M
274 WALS/JINTEMRS NETHERLANDS F
275 WALS/SOLENNMISS NETHERLANDS F
276 WELS/LEONARDUS MR NETHERLANDS M
277 WELS/SEM MSTR NETHERLANDS M
278 WESTERVELD/INEKEMRS NETHERLANDS F
279 WIARTINI/KETUT MRS INDONESIA F
280 WITTEVEEN/MARITMRS NETHERLANDS F
281 WITTEVEEN/WILLEMMR NETHERLANDS M
282 YURIANI/NINIK MRS INDONESIA F
283 ZANTKUIJL/DESIREEMRS NETHERLANDS F

plane

 

Crew

No RANK  NAME                                 NATIONALITY  GENDER
1 Captain WAN AMRAN BIN WAN HUSSIN Malaysia M
2 Captain CHOO JIN LEONG, EUGENE Malaysia M
3 First Officer AHMAD HAKIMI BIN HANAPI Malaysia M
4 First Officer MUHAMAD FIRDAUS BIN ABDUL RAHIM Malaysia M
5 In-flight Supervisor MOHD GHAFAR BIN ABU BAKAR Malaysia M
6 Chief Stewardess DORA SHAHILA BINTI KASSIM Malaysia F
7 Chief Stewardess AZRINA BINTI YAKOB Malaysia F
8 Leading Stewardess LEE HUI PIN Malaysia F
9 Leading Stewardess MASTURA BINTI MUSTAFA Malaysia F
10 Flight Stewardess CHONG YEE PHENG Malaysia F
11 Flight Steward SHAIKH MOHD NOOR BIN MAHMOOD Malaysia M
12 Flight Steward SANJID SINGH SANDHU Malaysia M
13 Flight Stewardess HAMFAZLIN SHAM BINTI MOHAMEDARIFIN Malaysia F
14 Flight Stewardess NUR SHAZANA BINTI MOHAMED SALLEH Malaysia F
15 Flight Stewardess ANGELINE PREMILA RAJANDARAN Malaysia F

17

298 a number that we always will remember
298 lives that have been lost
298 of friends and family members.
298 souls eternally loved

298 ambitions and dreams cut short
298 innocent moments in time
298 families that need our support
298 victims of 1 brutal crime

298 new stars in the sky
298 reasons to pray
298 tears to cry
298 respects to pay

 

Sources

Irish Times

Wall street journal

NOS

 

The Rexist Party-Belgian Fascists

Rexist Party flag

Germany and Italy weren’t the only countries with Fascists parties. Several European countries had National Socialist Fascists partyies, for example  The Netherlands had the NSB.

In Belgium the Rexist Party(aka Rex), led by Léon Degrelle, won about 10 percent of the seats in the parliament in 1936.

Léon_Degrelle

After failing 3 times to pass his final law exams at the Catholic University of Leuven , Degrelle, who was a dynamic orator, entered politics. Using national banking scandals and corruption of the established political parties as issues, he organized the Rexist Movement in 1930, allegedly to cleanse the Roman Catholic religion of political contamination.Its name was derived from the Roman Catholic journal and publishing company Christus Rex (Latin for Christ the King).

bfb9cb1b5b21463a3cd9c488aa2acb2f

Initially it stayed loyal tho the monarchy, in their flag they included the crown. At the outbreak of WWII they endorsed the Belgian government’s policy of neutrality.

In 1936, Degrelle met Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler, both of them providing Rexism with funds (2 million lire and 100,000 marks) and ideological support.With the German invasion of Belgium in 1940, Rexism welcomed German occupation.

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After the occupation some members left the party and joined the Belgian resistance because they could not agree with the  Nazis’ anticlerical and extreme anti-Semitic policies enforced in occupied Belgium.

During World War II Degrelle collaborated with the German occupation forces. In August 1941 he formed and later commanded the Walloon and Flemish storm-trooper brigades that fought on the Russian front. Under his guidance the Rexists took control of local governments and newspapers in Belgium. Degrelle joined the Walloon legion of the Wehrmacht, which was founded in August 1941, to fight against the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front. The leadership of the Rexists then passed to Victor Matthys.

victor

 

In August 1944, Rexist militia were responsible for the Courcelles Massacre .Matthyss he ordered the execution of 20 civilians in Courcelles in central Belgium as reprisals for anti-German resistance activities.

The Rexist mayor of the Greater Charleroi area, Oswald Englebin, was attacked and killed along with his wife and son by members of the Belgian Resistance between Courcelles and Monceau-sur-Sambre in a region known as the “Bois du Rognac”

As news broke in Rexist headquarters in Brussels and Charleroi of the attack on the Mayor and his family, A number of civilian were rounded up,including  policemen, doctors, architects, lawyers and various civil officials. 20 were executed. Among them was the Catholic priest Pierre Harmignie, during the night he had tried to console his fellow hostages with the words “I will die, we all will die in order for peace to return to the world so people can love each other again”

def-poi-210-courcelles-massacre-3

Those responsible for the killing returned to Brussels, where they were offered a drink and congratulated.on their act of revolutionary vengeance.

The order for the executions  would ultimate lead to Matthys’s  downfall from power as criticisms surfaced. It was condemned as being too heavy-handed and Matthys gave up the leadership of the Rexists to Louis Collard.After  the liberation of Belgium in September 1944, the party had been banned.

Of the 150 participants of the massacre, 97 were identified, 80 arrested and tried of whom 27 were executed on 10 November 1947. Amongst them was Victor Matthys who was accused of organizing the massacre.

1024px-Pro-justitia_532a-1944_-_Affaire_Courcelles_18_aout_1944_-_Belgium

With the final surrender of Berlin in May 1945, Degrelle was desperate to avoid Russian captivity and ordered as many of his worn-out veterans as possible to make for the Baltic port of Lubeck to surrender to the British. Degrelle himself fled first to Denmark and then Norway, where he commandeered a Heinkel He 111 aircraft,allegedly provided by Albert Speer.

After a daring 1,500-mile flight over portions of Allied-occupied Europe, he crash-landed on the beach at San Sebastian in northern Spain but was gravely wounded and hospitalized for over a year.

Hegazkin_istripua

While in Spain, during the Franco dictatorship, Degrelle maintained a high standard of living and would frequently appear in public and private meetings in a white uniform featuring his German decorations, while expressing his pride over his close contacts and “thinking bond” with Adolf Hitler.

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He continued to live undisturbed when Spain became democratic after the death of Franco with the help of the Gil family, and continued publishing polemics, voicing his support for the political far right.

In 1994, Léon Degrelle died of cardiac arrest in a hospital in Málaga, aged 88.

Donation

I am passionate about my site and I know a you all like reading my blogs. I have been doing this at no cost and will continue to do so. All I ask is for a voluntary donation of $2 ,however if you are not in a position to do so I can fully understand, maybe next time then. Thanks To donate click on the credit/debit card icon of the card you will use. If you want to donate more then $2 just add a higher number in the box left from the paypal link. Many thanks

$2.00

 

Sources

Liberation Route Europe

Wikipedia Belgium

WWII Database

 

 

John Emil List-Murderous Sunday school teacher.

le-9-novembre-1971-john-emil-list-abattait-froidement-toute-sa-famille-au-terme-d-un-scenario-savamment-orchestre-photo-dr-1489671696

You just never know what goes around in someone’s mind or behind closed doors. You may look at someone in admiration because he appears to be such a good and wholesome human being, but deep inside lurks a monster.

John List was an outwardly normal and successful father. A Sunday school teacher and Boy Scout troop leader, List was a strict disciplinarian who insisted his children follow extremely rigid rules.

John Emil List (September 17, 1925 – March 21, 2008) was an American multiple murderer and long-time fugitive. On November 9, 1971, he killed his wife, mother, and three children in their home in Westfield, New Jersey, then disappeared. He had planned the murders so meticulously that nearly a month passed before anyone suspected that anything was amiss.

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The larger world had never heard of John Emil List until his neighbors began to wonder why the lights in his family’s house in Westfield, N.J., were going out one by one in the fall of 1971, weeks after anyone had been seen entering or leaving. And the high school drama coach of Mr. List’s daughter had begun to worry about her absence.

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On November 9, seemingly out of the blue, List shot his mother Alma (above her lefteye),his wife Helen (in the side of the head), and two older children in the back of their heads; he shot his youngest child, a son, several times in the chest and face. He then left the murder weapon alongside their carefully laid-out corpses.

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List had methodically devised a plan so that the bodies would not be discovered for quite a while, cancelling newspaper, milk, and mail delivery to his home in the days leading up to the murder. He then called the children’s schools to say that the family was going to visit a sick relative out of town. By the time authorities discovered the bodies, List had vanished without a trace.

When police officers entered the home on Dec. 7, 1971, they heard organ music on an intercom system and found the bodies of Mr. List’s wife, Helen, 46; his daughter, Patricia, 16; his sons John, 15, and Frederick, 13, and his mother, Alma, 85. All had been shot to death.

The police also found a note from Mr. List to his pastor at a Lutheran church where Mr. List sometimes taught Sunday school. Over five pages, Mr. List wrote that he saw too much evil in the world and that he had ended the lives of his wife, mother and children to save their souls.

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Local law enforcement officials had essentially given up looking for List when the television show America’s Most Wanted began airing in the late 1980s. After a segment about the List murders aired on May 21, 1989, calls began flooding in. Although most of them proved to be unhelpful, one viewer claimed that John List was living in Virginia under the alias Robert Clark.

On June 1, 1989, 11 days after his case was broadcast on AMW, List was arrested while living under the pseudonym Robert “Bob” Peter Clark,JOHN LIST MONSTER a name he adopted based on one of his college classmates, who later strangely stated that he never knew of John List. He was identified by a friend who had seen the television feature. In the 18 years since List committed his crimes he had been living in Denver, Colorado and Richmond, Virginia, where he remarried and started a new life and a career as an accountant. On April 12, 1990 he was convicted in a New Jersey court of five counts of first-degree murder, and on May 1 was sentenced to five life terms in prison. List has never expressed any remorse for his crimes, even during an interview with Connie Chung in 2002, and has said he believes he will go to heaven.

List died of complications from pneumonia at age 82 on March 21, 2008, while in prison custody at St. Francis Medical Center in Trenton, New Jersey.[32] In reporting his death, the Newark Star-Ledger referred to him as “the bogeyman of Westfield”

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112 Ocean Avenue, Amityville-the story behind the Amityville Horror.

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Ronald Joseph “Butch” DeFeo Jr. (born September 26, 1951) is an American mass murderer. He was tried and convicted for the 1974 killings of his father, mother, two brothers, and two sisters. The case inspired the book and film versions of The Amityville Horror.Ronald_defeo

DeFeo’s trial began on October 14, 1975. He and his defense lawyer William Weber mounted an affirmative defense of insanity, with DeFeo claiming that he killed his family in self-defense because he heard their voices plotting against him. The insanity plea was supported by the psychiatrist for the defense, Dr. Daniel Schwartz. The psychiatrist for the prosecution, Dr. Harold Zolan, maintained that although DeFeo was an abuser of heroin and LSD, he had antisocial personality disorder and was aware of his actions at the time of the crime.

The book, purportedly based on a true story, describes the house at 112 Ocean Avenue as remaining empty for 13 months after the DeFeo murders. In December 1975, George and Kathleen Lutz bought the house for what was considered to be a bargain price of $80,000. The five-bedroom house was built in Dutch Colonial style and had a distinctive gambrel roof. It also had a swimming pool and a boathouse, as it was located on a canal.

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George and Kathy married in July 1975 and each had their own homes, but they wanted to start fresh with a new property. Kathy had three children from a previous marriage: Daniel, 9, Christopher, 7, and Melissa (Missy), 5. They also owned a crossbreed Malamute/Labrador dog named Harry. During their first inspection of the house, the real estate broker told them about the DeFeo murders and asked if this would affect their decision. After discussing the matter, they decided that it was not a problem.

Ronald DeFeo Jr. shot  them all with a .35 Marlin rifle and each victim was found face down in their beds inside the home. DeFeo Jr., who was 23 years old at the time, was convicted on six counts of second-degree murder in November 1975.

The murders have gone on to inspire several books and movies like “The Amityville Horror,” which tells the story of the Lutz family who moved into the home 13 months after the murders. They left the house 28 days later, claiming they were haunted by paranormal activity.

On the anniversary of the start of DeFeo’s trial, here are somethings you may not know about those 1974 killings in Amityville.

DeFeo killed all six of his family members — dad Ronald Sr., 44, mom Louise, 42, and siblings Dawn, 18, Allison, 13, Marc, 12, and John Matthew, 9 — around 3 a.m. on Nov. 13, 1974.

The Lutz family claimed George Lutz woke up around this time every morning when they moved into the home. He would go out and check the boathouse at the same time DeFeo carried out his murders.

After the murders, DeFeo went into Henry’s Bar in Amityville where he shouted for help and claimed someone had shot his parent,He then returned to the home with a group of people where the bodies of his family members were found.

Police were then notified and eventually DeFeo confessed after authorities grew suspicious of his account of what happened.

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Why DeFeo decided to kill is family remains unclear.

Some believe he did it to collect life insurance policies on his parents because after the killingsAmityvillecover he asked police what he needed to do to get his hands on his father’s policy.Of course, there’s also the highly talked about idea that some kind of force inside the house made him do it, which played a big part in the horror movies and the Lutz’s story.

The Lutz family moved in December 19, 1975.[a] Much of the DeFeo family’s furniture was still in the house, because it was included for $400 as part of the deal.[3] A friend of George Lutz learned about the history of the house, and insisted on having it blessed. At the time, George was a non-practicing Methodist and had no experience of what this would entail. Kathy was a non-practicing Catholic and explained the process. George knew a Catholic priest named Father Ray who agreed to carry out the house blessing.

Some of the experiences of the Lutz family at the house are described in the book as follows:

  • The house was plagued by swarms of flies despite the winter weather.
  • Kathy had vivid nightmares about the murders and discovered the order in which they occurred and the rooms where they took place. The Lutz children also began sleeping on their stomachs, in the same way that the dead bodies in the DeFeo murders had been found.
  • Kathy would feel a sensation as if “being embraced” in a loving manner, by an unseen force.
  • George discovered a small hidden room (around four feet by five feet) behind shelving in the basement. The walls were painted red and the room did not appear in the blueprints of the house. The room came to be known as “The Red Room.” This room had a profound effect on their dog Harry, who refused to go near it and cowered as if sensing something ominous.
  • There were cold spots and odors of perfume and excrement in areas of the house where no wind drafts or piping would explain the source.
  • While tending to the fire, George and Kathy saw the image of a demon with half his head blown out. It was burned into the soot in the back of the fireplace.
  • The Lutzes’ 5-year-old daughter, Missy, developed an imaginary friend named “Jodie,” a demonic pig-like creature with glowing red eyes.
  • In the early morning hours of Christmas Day 1975, George looked up at the house after checking on the boathouse and saw the pig standing behind Missy at her bedroom window. When he ran up to her room he found her fast asleep with her small rocking chair slowly rocking back and forth.
  • George would wake up to the sound of the front door slamming. He would race downstairs to find the dog sleeping soundly at the front door. Nobody else heard the sound although it was loud enough to wake the house.
  • George would hear what was described as a “marching band tuning up” or what sounded like a clock radio playing not quite on frequency. When he went downstairs the noise would cease.
  • George realized that he bore a strong resemblance to Ronald DeFeo, Jr., and began drinking at The Witches’ Brew, the bar where DeFeo was once a regular customer.
  • When closing Missy’s window, which Missy said Jodie climbed out of, Kathy saw red eyes glowing at her.
  • While in bed, Kathy received red welts on her chest caused by an unseen force and was levitated two feet in the air.
  • Locks, doors and windows in the house were damaged by an unseen force.
  • Cloven hoof prints attributed to an enormous pig appeared in the snow outside the house January 1, 1976.
  • Green gelatin-like slime oozed from walls in the hall, and also from the keyhole of the playroom door in the attic.
  • A 12-inch (30 cm) crucifix, hung in the living room by Kathy, revolved until it was upside down and gave off a sour smell.
  • George tripped over a 4-foot-high (1.2 m) China lion ornament in the living room and found bite marks on one of his ankles. Later this lion would reappear in the living room after George had moved it back upstairs into the sewing room.
  • George saw Kathy transform into an old woman of 90, “the hair wild, a shocking white, the face a mass of wrinkles and ugly lines, and saliva dripping from the toothless mouth.”
  • Missy would sing constantly while in her room. Whenever she left the room, she would stop singing, and upon returning, she would resume singing where she left off.
  • On one occasion Kathy heard what sounded like a window being opened and closed through the sewing room door even though she was sure no one was in there.

By mid-January 1976, after another attempt at a house blessing by George and Kathy, they experienced what would turn out to be their final night in the house. The Lutzes declined to give a full account of the events that took place on this occasion, describing them as “too frightening.”

DeFeo is still alive to this day and remains at the Sullivan Correctional Facility in Beekman, New York.

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After receiving six 25 years-to-life-sentences, it’s no surprise parole hasn’t been an option for the murderer. All of his appeals and requests have been denied by the parole board.

On the night of March 6, 1976, the house was investigated by Ed and Lorraine Warren, a husband and wife team self-described as demonologists, together with a crew from the television station Channel 5 New York and reporter Michael Linder of WNEW-FM.

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During the course of the investigation Gene Campbell took a series of infrared time-lapse photographs. One of the images allegedly showed a “demonic boy” with glowing eyes who was standing at the foot of a staircase. The photograph did not emerge into the public domain until 1979, when George and Kathy Lutz and Rod Steiger appeared on The Merv Griffin Show to promote the release of the first film. 112 Ocean Avenue was also investigated by the parapsychologist Hans Holzer. The Warrens and Holzer have suggested that the house is occupied by malevolent spirits due to its history.

In May 2010, the house was placed on the market with an asking price of $1.15 million. In August 2010, the house was sold to a local resident for $950,000.On August 21, 2010, the departing owner held a moving sale at the house, and hundreds of people turned up for the event. They were allowed to go inside the house, but not to visit the upstairs rooms or the basement.

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If that is so, then I suppose I’m a murderer.

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On March 29, 1945, some 60 Jewish slave labourers were shot in Deutsch Schützen, Austria, a town in what is now the Austrian province of Burgenland. One of the suspected murderers is former SS Junior Squad Leader Adolf Storms.

Though Storms’ identity was known in 1946 – he was listed in the German telephone book – Austrian authorities never apprehended him. Adolf Storms died in 2010 shortly before the trial against him was opened.

Adolf Storms was born in 1919. During World War II, he was a sergeant of the 5th SS Division “Wiking”, a division of the Waffen SS, which had participated in the war of aggression against the Soviet Union between 1941 and 1944. The division’s fallback led it from Hungary to the Czech Republic and finally to Austria.

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Storms, died age 90 on June 28 2010, he had been  on the Simon Wiesenthal Center’s list of most-wanted Nazi suspects.He was accused of the massacre of at least 57 Jewish forced labourers in Austria at the end of World War II.

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In 2009 prosecutors in Germany were investigating the accusations against him and preparing a trial.The prosecutor in the city of Dortmund, Andreas Brendel, said investigators had recently been checking if Storms was fit for trial.

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Mr Brendel said he had had strong evidence against Storms.

The former SS officer and unidentified accomplices forced the labourers to hand over their valuables and kneel by a grave before shooting them.

Witnesses

Storms was also accused of having shot another man on the day after the massacre.He was alleged to have shot the man because he was too weak to take part in a forced march.

Several former members of the Hitler Youth, who had helped the SS guards during the march, gave witness statements against Storms.

 

The accused worked as a railway station manager for decades until a student at the University of Vienna found his name in documents alleging his involvement in war crimes.

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The student and his professor, Walter Manoschek, tracked him down and Manoschek then visited Storms several times. The professor conducted about 12 hours of interviews in which Storms repeatedly said that he does not remember the killings.He said it was war and I was a young lad. When he was told that the massacre did happen, his reply was “Well if that is so I suppose I am a murderer”

Walter Manoscheck Flyer Website Version-01

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Zyklon B

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Zyklon B:hydrogen cyanide adsorbed on or released from a carrier in the form of small tablets, used as an insecticidal fumigant.

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Even in their preferred choice of mass killing the Nazis used a poison which was originally designed to kill insects and other pests, and that is the clearest indication what they thought of their victims.

Hydrogen cyanide, a poisonous gas that interferes with cellular respiration, was first used as a pesticide in California in the 1880s.Research at Degesch(German Corporation for Pest control)  led to the development of Zyklon (later known as Zyklon A), a pesticide which released hydrogen cyanide upon exposure to water and heat.Zyklon_label_3

It was banned after a similar product was used by Germanybruno_emil_tesch as a chemical weapon in World War I. In 1922, Degesch was purchased by Degussa, where a team of chemists that included Walter Heerdt  and Bruno Tesch developed a method of packaging hydrogen cyanide in sealed canisters along with a cautionary eye irritant and adsorbent stabilizers.

The new product was also named Zyklon, but it became known as Zyklon B to distinguish it from the earlier version. Uses included delousing clothing and disinfesting ships, warehouses, and trains.

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During the killing process, prisoners at Auschwitz and other killing centers were forced into the air-tight chambers that had been disguised by the Nazis to look like shower rooms. The Zyklon pellets were then dumped into the chambers via special air shafts or openings in the ceiling.

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The pellets would then vaporize, giving off a noticeable bitter almond odor. Upon being breathed in, the vapors combined with red blood cells, depriving the human body of vital oxygen, causing unconsciousness, and then death through oxygen starvation.It could take up to 20 minutes before the victims died.

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Hartheim Euthanasia Centre

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The first mass murder by means of gassing by the Nazi regime did not happen in the concentration camps The first gassings in Germany took place in January 1940 at the Brandenburg Euthanasia Centre.

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However it was the Hartheim Euthanasia centre which was the main centre to carry out the ‘T4 Program’ the mass murder of the physically and mentally disabled. It didn’t take much to be branded ‘Disabled’ Initially it was ‘sold’ under the motto of mercy killings for the ‘incurably ill’ , several rationales for the program had been offered, including eugenics, compassion, reducing suffering, racial hygiene, cost effectiveness and pressure on the welfare budget.

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https://dirkdeklein.net/2016/04/08/forgotten-history-the-t-4-holocaust-victimsthe-killing-of-the-disabled/

Hartheim castle, situated in the village of Alkoven near Linz in Austria, and close to the Mauthausen concentration camp, originally dated from the ninth century

In the spring of 1940, remodelling works to adapt the castle to become a euthanasia centre were finished within a matter of weeks; the residents were subsequently distributed amongst other care facilities in the district of Oberdonau. They were to become the first victims of the Hartheim Euthanasia Centre.

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The first transport reached Hartheim on 20 May 1940. Between 1940 and 1944, round 30,000 people with physical and mental disabilities as well as with mental illnesses were murdered. Some of them were patients from mental institutions and residents of homes for the disabled and care facilities, whereas others were prisoners from the concentration camps in Mauthausen, Gusen and Dachau, as well as forced labourers.

Hartheim Euthanasia Centre was under the medical direction of Dr Rudolf Lonauer, a psychiatrist from Linz. Pictured below with his family.

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He was responsible for the deaths of victims, determining the causes of death, keeping patient records and representing the Landesanstalt Hartheim (Hartheim State Institution) to third parties. Rudolf Lonauer was also the medical director of the District Sanatorium and Nursing Home Niedernhart in Linz, which served as a holding station for victims on their way to Hartheim. Rudolf Lonauer committed suicide in May 1945.

The deputy medical director was Dr Georg Renno, who managed to disappear after 1945, but was re-captured in 1961.

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Charges were filed in 1967, but the trial was discontinued in 1970 due to reports of the defendant being in poor health. Georg Renno died a free man in 1997.

The administrative technical director of Hartheim Euthanasia Centre was Christian Wirth, a policeman from Württemberg, who had already worked at the Nazi euthanasia centres in Grafeneck and Hadamar. In his function as the ‘office manager’, he was the head of the Special Register Office, which had been established in Hartheim.

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Moreover, he was responsible for keeping records of and sending urns, making local police reports and corresponding with the ‘transferring institutions’.

A total of approximately 60 to 70 people were employed at Hartheim Euthanasia Centre. In addition to the nurses, who had the most contact with the victims and normally accompanied them on the busses, employees who were responsible for issuing and sending condolence letters and death certificates and sending urns as part of their administrative duties, represented the majority of the staff. Most of them also lived at the castle. Schoberstein Manor in Weißenbach on Lake Atter was available as an excursion destination for the staff at Hartheim. In addition, evening parties and group outings were organised as compensation for the staff of the castle – often together with their colleagues from the concentration camp in Mauthausen.

The death certificates were issued at Hartheim’s Special Register Office, which was located at the castle. False records were purposefully kept regarding the reason, date and place of death in order to mislead relatives and hamper investigations.

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Pulmonary tuberculosis was a popular reason of death, since it was a communicable disease that made it necessary to burn the corpse immediately. The system of exchanging files amongst the euthanasia centres contributed to the success of this cover-up action.

Not everyone who knew of the killings of those considered ‘unworthy of life’ remained silent. One such example is Franz Sitter, who was transferred from Ybbs an der Donau to work as a nurse in Hartheim in October 1940. He demanded to be immediately relieved of his professional duties, which was also the case. Afterwards, Sitter was sent back to Ybbs. On 6 February 1941, Franz Sitter was called to the front. He survived the war and returned to his profession as a nurse.

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In Alkoven itself, a resistance group centred round brothers Karl and Ignaz Schuhmann and Leopold Hilgarth came together and gave a rallying cry for resistance against the Nazi regime by means of graffiti and flyers. The group was betrayed, and Leopold Hilgarth and Ignaz Schuhmann were executed in Vienna on 9 January 1945.

Picture below is of Leopold Hilgarth(sitting down)

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Aktion Erntefest-The Murder of 43,000 Jews

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Today marks the 76th anniversary of Aktion Erntefest.(German: for Operation Harvest Festival) a mass shooting action by the SS conducted at the Majdanek concentration camp and its subcamps, its purpose was to liquidate the remaining Polish Jews in the Lublin reservation and the Lublin Ghetto, including its entire slave-labour camp workforce. The operation took place on 3 November 1943.Approximately 43,000 Jews were killed on the orders of Christian Wirth and Jakob Sporrenberg .

 

Aktion Erntefest was the last operation of  Operation Reinhard,the codename given to the secretive German Nazi plan to mass-murder most Polish Jews in the General Government district of German-occupied Poland.

Operation Harvest Festival was the single largest German massacre of Jews in the entire war. It surpassed the notorious massacre of more than 33,000 Jews at Babi Yar outside Kiev by 10,000 victims. It was exceeded only by the 1941 Odessa massacre of more than 50,000 Jews in October 1941, committed by Romanian troops.

The timing of the operation was apparently in response to several efforts by surviving Jews to resist the Nazis (for example, the uprisings at the Sobibor and Treblinka extermination camps, and armed resistance in the Warsaw, Białystok, and Vilna ghettos). The SS feared additional Jewish-led revolts in the General Government,ahead of the Soviet counter-offensive. To prevent further resistance the SS decided to kill most of the remaining Jews who were employed in slave-labor projects of the Ostindustrie (Osti) enterprise owned by the SS, while imprisoned at the Trawniki, Poniatowa, and Majdanek concentration camps with subcamps in Budzyn, Kraśnik, Puławy, Lipowa and others.The inmates were ordered to dig anti-tank trenches unaware of their true purpose.

 

The Orpo police formation tasked with performing Aktion Erntefest had prior experience in the area. It was involved with the liquidation of the ghettos in the Lublin district of the General Government from which the same targets originated.

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.”Erntefest” was the largest single-day, single-camp massacre of the Holocaust under direct German occupation,totalling 43,000 in three nearby locations It began at dawn on 3 November 1943. The main camp as well as the Trawniki and Poniatowa subcamps of the Majdanek extermination camp were surrounded by SS and the Reserve Police Battalion 101 (a unit of the German Order Police from Hamburg) augmented by a squad of Hiwis called “Trawniki men” from Ukraine.

 

 

The Jews were taken out of the camps in groups and shot layer upon layer inside the pits dug specifically for this purpose. The burial site resembled a solid mass of women’s and men’s bodies heaped together… with legs and arms interlinked.

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At Majdanek, Jews were first separated from the other prisoners. They were then taken in groups to long and deep trenches and shot one-by-one under the leadership of pathological killer Erich Muhsfeldt .

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At the main camp, 18,400 Jews were killed on 3 November 1943. Jews from those other slave labor camps in the Lublin area were also taken to Majdanek and shot simultaneously. Music was played through loudspeakers at both Majdanek and Trawniki to drown out the noise of the mass shooting. The killing operation was completed in a single day at Majdanek and Trawniki. At Poniatowa the shootings took two days, because in one of the barracks Jews staged a revolt. To stamp it out the SS set it on fire and the killings went on as planned.

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