When 13,745,680 people voted for the Nazis

31 july

It is easy to forget that the Nazis didn’t take power, they were democratically elected, although they did not shy away from using violence securing the votes.

However despite the bully tactics by the SA, people still had a choice to vote for the NSDAP or for any other party.

SA

The General election of July 31st 1932 resulted in the NSDAP becoming the largest party for the first time in its history in Germany. The total tally was 13,745,680 or 37.27% of the total vote, which was an increase of 19.02% compared to the previous election.

election

The election campaign did take place under  violent circumstances. The SA had been banned by Heinrich Brüning who had been Chancellor from March 1930 to May 30th 1932. President von Hindemburg had dismissed Brüning and replaced him with Franz von Papen from the .German Centre Party.

Von Papen  lifted the ban on the SA(Paramilitary arm of the NSDAP), although it really only had been a token ban to start of with. The  SA clashed with the communist paramilitary.

brown

Although the Nazis did become the largest party, they did not achieve the overall majority they had hoped for,and could not yet form a government.

In November 1932 new election were held and although the NSDAP became the biggest party yet again, they still did not have an overall majority.

On 3 December, 1932 von Papen was replaced by his Defence Minister Kurt von Schleicher who  had been in talks with the left wing of the Nazi Party led by Gregor Strasser  and tried to build up a Third Position strategy. However these plans were unsuccessful after Hitler had taken the power away from  Strasser and approached von Papen for coalition talks.

Von Papen got Hindenburg’s approval to form the Hitler Cabinet on 30 January 1933.He reserved the office of the Vice-Chancellor for himself.

On March 5. 1933 yet another election was held this time the Nazi received 43.91% of the votes, but yet again short of an overall majority. In order to avoid forming yet another coalition Hitler drew up plans for the’enabling act’  an amendment to the Weimar Constitution which gave the German Cabinet — in effect, Chancellor Adolf Hitler — the power to enact laws without the involvement of the parliament.

The law was passed on March 23 ,1933.

act

The disturbing thing about this is that they were able to do this without breaking any laws, they followed a democratic process.

electiom campaign

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