When you look at the picture
above, you may just admire the men participating in physical exercise. You may even want to join them. But the picture is of concentration camp Mauthausen.
The Mauthausen main camp operated from the time of the Anschluss, when Austria was united with Nazi Germany on 8 August 1938, to 5 May 1945, at the end of the European theatre of Second World War. Starting with the camp at Mauthausen, the number of subcamps expanded over time and by the summer of 1940 Mauthausen and its subcamps had become one of the largest labour camp complexes in the German-controlled part of Europe.
Grueling and pointless physical exercise was one of the methods of wearing the inmates down. The group of prisoners in the picture above are forced to play “leap frog”.
After the outbreak of war, people from across Europe were deported to Mauthausen, which gradually developed into a system of several interconnected camps. During this phase, Mauthausen and Gusen were the concentration camps with the harshest imprisonment conditions and the highest mortality. Prisoners at the bottom of the camp hierarchy had barely any chance of surviving for long. Those who were ill or ‘useless’ to the SS were in constant danger of their lives. In 1941 the SS started to construct a gas chamber and other installations at Mauthausen for the systematic murder of large groups of people.
Undoubtedly there are a lot more who were murdered on September 30,1941 in Mauthausen, but below is the list of the Dutch Jews, or Jewish refugees from Germany who had fled to the Netheralnds.
Arthur Simon Serphos: Born in Enschede, 7 August 1890, murdered in Mauthausen, 30 September 1941.
Siegfried Cohen: Born in Hengelo , 2 August 1890, murdered in Mauthausen, 30 September 1941.
Kurt Stein: Siegfried Born in Berlin 16 March 1921, murdered in Mauthausen, 30 September 1941.
Franz Max Pollack: Born in Breslau, 19 February 1918, murdered in Mauthausen, 30 September 1941.
Theodoor Richard Moscow: Born in Amsterdam, 14 June 1918, murdered in Mauthausen, 30 September 1941.
Norbert Abrahamssohn: Born in Hamburg, 21 September 1916, murdered in Mauthausen, 30 September 1941.
Heinz Wittenberg: Born in Breslau, 29 August 1922, murdered in Mauthausen, 30 September 1941.
Horst Kokoski: Born in Berlin 13 June 1921, murdered in Mauthausen, 30 September 1941.
David Kaufmann: Born in Oldenzaal 22 November 1918(11 days after WWI), murdered in Mauthausen September 30 1941
Fred Samuel Fuchs: Born in Frankfurt am Main, 23 October 1922, murdered in Mauthausen, 30 September 1941.
None of these men committed a crime or did anything which would warrant a death penalty, yet they were murdered by an evil regime based on hate.
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