Not only was Auschwitz a death camp it also had an endless supply of humans that could be used for experiments,without the fear of repercussions for those who carried out the experiments.
Dr Carl Clauberg and Dr Horst Schumann, were assigned to head the sterilization experiments in Auschwitz,
Dr Clauberg was an well known gynecologist with expertise in infertility treatment.
Schumann had been working for the Public Health Office in Halle. He was recruited to the Luftwaffe as a physician in 1939. But moved on from the Luftwaffe to joined the Aktion T4 Euthanasia program in early October 1939,
Schumann, SS-Sturmbannführer began his sterilization experiments using X-rays at the request of Viktor Brack, the organizer of the T4 Programme.
The purpose of the sterilisation experiments was to perfect a technique in which non-Aryans could be prevented from reproducing while still being used as slave laborers.
On the 28th of July 1941, Horst Schumann arrived in Auschwitz. Where he started work at Block 30 in the women’s hospital, where he set up an x-ray station in 1942.
Here both men and women were sterilized without consent by being put repeatedly for several minutes between two x-ray machines, the rays aiming at their sexual organs. Most victims died after great suffering, or were gassed immediately because the radiation burns from which they suffered rendered them unfit for work.
By 31 December 1942 about 200 men had been sterilized and would later be castrated by Shumann to determine the effects of the radiation method of sterilization
Their testicles were removed and sent to Breslau for examination.
The women were injected with liquid into the uterus while they were on the X-ray table and were X-rayed while the injection went on
Schumann selected the test ‘subjects’ himself. They were always Jewish men, women and girls in their prime , but who looked like they aged rapidly after the experiments.
The parts of the body that were treated with the rays were burnt,and pus would have developed . Many times the intestines would also be affected. Many died.
Part of Schumann’s ‘quality’ check to determine if the radiation had worked, was the so-called semen check: a wooden implement covered with a rubber hose was pushed into the rectum of a male victim and the glands stimulated until ejaculation occurred so that the ejaculate could be tested for sperm The samples were sent to the University of Breslau for examination.
Schumann selected some women of Block 10 in the main camp of Auschwitz. In this Block Jewish women had been selected for human experiments. To control the radiation on women, prisoner doctors Dr. Maximilian Samuel and Dr. Wladislaw Dering had to remove an ovary.
Horst Schmann also conducted typhus experiments by injecting people with blood from typhus infected patients with the aim to then cure the newly infected subjects. Schumann left Auschwitz in September 1944 and was appointed to the Sonnenstein Clinic in Saxony which had earlier been converted into a military hospital.
After the war he worked as a sports doctor in a clinic in Gladbeck, Germany.He was only identified after he applied for a hunting rifle in 1951. A warrant for his arrest was issued then. Through a technicality he was not arrested, he claimed he didn’t have a German passport so he applied for a passport in Japan, which he got.He then fled to Egypt and later settled in Khartoum in Sudan where he got a job as the head of a Hospital.After he was recognized by an Auschwitz survivor, he fled to Ghana, where he received protection from Kwame Nkrumah. the head of state of Ghana.
in 1966 Schumann’s luck seemed to have run out when he was extradited to Germany.He stood trial in 1970, but was released from jail in 1972 due to his heart condition and generally deteriorating health. It wasn’t until 1983 before he died.
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