Many opponents of the Nazi regime found their untimely death in Plotzensee prison. Those executed were German resistance fighter, but also Polish and French forced laborers, and many others.
A great number were executed by guillotine but on September 3 the guillotine was damaged beyond repair after an RAF raid. From then one the methods of executions were hanging or firing squad.
After execution, the bodies were released to Hermann Stieve, an anatomist at the medical college of what is now Humboldt University of Berlin. He and his assistants dissected the bodies for research purposes.
Stieve had a particular interest in the effects of stress on the menstrual cycle, and produced 230 papers based on this research, among them one that demonstrated that the rhythm method was not an effective method of preventing conception.
He received prison records which contained information on how the women had reacted to their death sentences, and also how well they had adjusted to prison life, and the timing of their menstrual cycles.
One of his research subjects was Liane Berkowitz,a German resistance fighter of the Red Orchestra organisation.
Liane was arrested and sent to the women’s prison on Barnimstraße, while she was pregnant.Her daughter Irina was born on 12 April 1943 in prison. The grandmother took care of the child from July 1943.
Liane was executed on 5 August 1943,only 2 days away from her 19th birthday. Her remains were sent to Hermann Stieve.
Liane’s daughter Irina died on 16 October 1943 in hospital in Eberswalde under suspicious circumstances.
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