Holocaust in the Netherlands.

During World War II, Jewish citizens in the Netherlands were isolated and subjected to discrimination and persecution by the National Socialists and their associates. Most of them did not survive the war. More than 102,000 Jews from the Netherlands were deported and murdered during the Holocaust.

One of the most compelling pieces of evidence to have survived from this period are photographs of the victims.

By the summer of 1943 most of the Jews in the Netherlands had been deported. By the time the last transport left in September 1944 a total of 107,000 Jews had been deported to the extermination camps. Only 5,000 of them returned after the war. More than 75% of Dutch Jews were murdered during the Holocaust. This was the highest amount, per capita, in all of the occupied countries.

The large number and percentage of Jewish victims in the Netherlands compared with for example, Belgium and France, can be explained in the first place by the fact that in the Netherlands, the German run police had sole authority over the organization and execution of the deportations, independently of the occupying regime and the local authorities. This applied to a lesser extent in Belgium and not at all for France. The Dutch civil service also kept immaculate records of all citizens.

However in recent years there has been a greater awareness of the mistakes made during the war and the inaction of many civil servants. Compared to some eastern European countries, the Dutch government is at least trying to own up to its mistakes rather then trying to revise history.

The picture at the top of the blog is of Nehemia Levy Cohen. Born in Amsterdam on 20 December, 1940. Deported to Westerbork on January 25.1943.Transported to Sobibor on 4 May 1943. where he was murdered 3 days later on May 7,1943, aged 2.

Following are just some pictures of a few of the 107,000 Jews who were sent to the concentration camps. Most of them never returned.

They were just ordinary citizens who never harmed anyone.







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